Investigation of cannabis biomarkers and transformation products in waters by liquid chromatography coupled to time of flight and triple quadrupole mass spectrometry

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Boix Sales, Clara; Ibáñez Martínez, María; Bijlsma, Lubertus; Sancho Llopis, Juan Vicente; Hernández Hernández, Félix;
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.007
  • Subject: Cannabis biomarkers | Wastewater | Surface water | Removal efficiency | Transformation/degradation products | Time-of-flight mass spectrometry

11-Nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH) is commonly selected as biomarker for the investigation of cannabis consumption through wastewater analysis. The removal efficiency of THC-COOH in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) has been reported to vary between 3... View more
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