publication . Other literature type . 1994

Impact of native ungulates and beaver on riparian communities in the intermountain west

Kay, Charles E.;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 1994
  • Publisher: DigitalCommons@USU
  • Country: United States
Abstract
This paper reviews the impact native ungulates, primarily elk and moose, and beaver can have on riparian communities in the Western United States. In Yellowstone National Park and in other areas where ungulates are not managed, repeated browsing has reduced tall willow, aspen, and cottonwood communities by approximately 95 percent since the late 1800's. Native ungulates can also severely reduce or eliminate palatable grasses and forbs from herbaceous riparian communities. By eliminating woody vegetation and security cover and by altering plant-species composition, native ungulates can alter bird, mammal, and aquatic communities. They can even negatively affect e...
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Other literature type . 1994
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