publication . Article . Other literature type . 2011

Short-term memory stages in sign vs. speech: the source of the serial span discrepancy.

Matthew L. Hall; Daphne Bavelier;
Open Access English
  • Published: 29 Mar 2011
  • Country: Switzerland
Abstract
Speakers generally outperform signers when asked to recall a list of unrelated verbal items. This phenomenon is well established, but its source has remained unclear. In this study, we evaluate the relative contribution of the three main processing stages of short-term memory – perception, encoding, and recall – in this effect. The present study factorially manipulates whether American Sign Language (ASL) or English was used for perception, memory encoding, and recall in hearing ASL-English bilinguals. Results indicate that using ASL during both perception and encoding contributes to the serial span discrepancy. Interestingly, performing recall in ASL slightly i...
Subjects
free text keywords: ddc:150, Article, Linguistics and Language, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Language and Linguistics, Cognitive psychology, Free recall, Encoding specificity principle, Recall, Serial position effect, Memory span, Modality effect, Recall test, Context-dependent memory, Psychology
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