publication . Article . 2011

Urbanization of black South African women may increase risk of low bone mass due to low vitamin D status, low calcium intake and high bone turnover

Marlena C. Kruger; Iolanthé M. Kruger; Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen; Annamarie Kruger;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2011
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Country: South Africa
Globally, rural to urban migration is accompanied by changes in dietary patterns and lifestyle that have serious health implications, including development of low bone mass. We hypothesized that serum 25 (OH) vitamin D3 (25[OH]D3) levels will be lower, bone turnover higher, and nutrition inadequate in urban postmenopausal black women, increasing risk for low bone mass. We aimed to assess the prevalence of risk factors for low bone mass in 1261 black women from rural and urban areas in the North West Province of South Africa (Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology–South Africa project). Fasting blood samples were taken; and participants were interviewed to comp...
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free text keywords: Bone health, nutrition, transition, black South African women, parathyroid hormone, C-telopeptide of type I collagen, Vitamin D status, Nutrition and Dietetics, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Endocrinology, Vitamin, chemistry.chemical_compound, chemistry, Body mass index, Medicine, business.industry, business, medicine.medical_specialty, vitamin D deficiency, medicine.disease, Bone remodeling, Calcifediol, Physiology, Internal medicine, N-terminal telopeptide, Vitamin D and neurology
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