publication . Article . 2014

Engagement techniques and playing level impact the biomechanical demands on rugby forwards during machine-based scrummaging

Preatoni, Ezio; Stokes, Keith A.; England, Michael E.; Trewartha, Grant;
Open Access
  • Published: 07 Feb 2014 Journal: British Journal of Sports Medicine, volume 49, pages 520-528 (issn: 0306-3674, eissn: 1473-0480, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: BMJ
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
Objectives This cross-sectional study investigated the factors that may influence the physical loading on rugby forwards performing a scrum by studying the biomechanics of machine-based scrummaging under different engagement techniques and playing levels.<br/><br/>Methods 34 forward packs from six playing levels performed repetitions of five different types of engagement techniques against an instrumented scrum machine under realistic training conditions. Applied forces and body movements were recorded in three orthogonal directions.<br/><br/>Results The modification of the engagement technique altered the load acting on players. These changes were in a similar ...
Subjects
free text keywords: rugby, injury prevention, forces, spine, safety, impacts, Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, General Medicine, Physical medicine and rehabilitation, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Scrum, business.industry, business, Compression (physics), Accident prevention, Biomechanics
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publication . Article . 2014

Engagement techniques and playing level impact the biomechanical demands on rugby forwards during machine-based scrummaging

Preatoni, Ezio; Stokes, Keith A.; England, Michael E.; Trewartha, Grant;