publication . Doctoral thesis . 2014

Environmental sustainability assessment of soybean and palm biodiesel systems : a life-cycle approach

Castanheira, Érica Geraldes;
Open Access English
  • Published: 26 Jun 2014
  • Country: Portugal
Abstract
Tese de doutoramento em Sistemas Sustentáveis de Energia apresentada à Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra Em Portugal mais de 50% do biodiesel é produzido a partir de óleo de palma e soja importados. O crescimento mundial do consumo destes óleos vegetais para a produção de biocombustíveis, tem vindo a ser acompanhado por uma crescente preocupação relativa aos seus potenciais impactes ambientais, nomeadamente os impactes associados às práticas agrícolas e aos efeitos da expansão das áreas de cultivo. Esta tese tem como objetivo avaliar a sustentabilidade ambiental do biodiesel produzido a partir de soja e palma cultivados na América do ...
Related Organizations
Funded by
FCT| SFRH/BD/60328/2009
Project
SFRH/BD/60328/2009
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSEMENT OF SOYBEAN AND PALM BIODIESEL SYSTEMS: A LIFE-CYCLE APPROACH
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: SFRH/BD/60328/2009
  • Funding stream: SFRH | Doutoramento
,
FCT| PTDC/EMS-ENE/1839/2012
Project
PTDC/EMS-ENE/1839/2012
Sustainable mobility: Perspectives for the future of biofuel production
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 127228
  • Funding stream: COMPETE
,
FCT| PTDC/SEN-TRA/117251/2010
Project
PTDC/SEN-TRA/117251/2010
Extended “well-to-wheels” assessment of biodiesel for heavy transport vehicles (BioHeavy)
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 117251
  • Funding stream: COMPETE
,
FCT| MIT/SET/0014/2009
Project
MIT/SET/0014/2009
Capturing Uncertainty in Biofuels for Transportation. Resolving Environmental Performance and Enabling Improved Use
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 110125
  • Funding stream: 5876-PPCDTI
Download from
Estudo Geral
Doctoral thesis . 2014
73 references, page 1 of 5

..................................................................................................................................98 Figure 4.12. Contribution of each GHG emission to the GHG intensity of alternative soybean cultivation systems and N2O emission calculations. ..................................................99 Figure 4.13. LCIA of alternative soybean cultivation systems in Brazil and Argentina. ...........100 Figure 4.14. GHG intensity of alternative soybean transportation scenarios...........................101 Figure 4.15. LCIA of soybean cultivation in four Brazilian states: Mato Grosso, Goiás, Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul. ...........................................................................................102 Figure 4.17. LCIA of soybean biodiesel: contribution of each LC phase for 3 pathways and 4 Brazilian soybean origins.........................................................................................105 Figure 4.19. Terrestrial acidification (a) and acidification (b) impact of palm biodiesel: alternative fertilization scenarios, biogas management options and LCIA methods (c).

................................................................................................................................109 Figure 4.20. Freshwater (a), marine eutrophication (a') and eutrophication (b) impact of palm biodiesel: alternative fertilization scenarios, biogas management options and LCIA methods (c)..............................................................................................................110 Figure 4.21. Ozone depletion (a) and ozone layer depletion (b) impact of palm biodiesel: alternative fertilization scenarios, biogas management options and LCIA methods (c).

..................................................................................................................................77 Table 4.1. Biodiesel chain A: substitution scenarios. ..............................................................122 Table 4.2. Biodiesel chain C: substitution scenarios. ..............................................................124 Table 4.3. GHG intensity of palm and soybean biodiesel chains: LUC emissions contribution.

................................................................................................................................132 Gerendas. J., Heng, A., 2010. Oil Palm Fertilization - Sharing Some Perspectives. ISP Selangor Seminar (8-Jun, 2010) “Plantation industry competitive strategies in achieving a sustainable future”, 2-7.

Germer, J., Sauerborn, J., 2008. Estimation of the impact of oil palm plantation establishment on greenhouse gas balance. Environment, Development and Sustainability 10(6), 697-716.

Gibbs, H.K., Johnston, M., Foley, J.A., Holloway, T., Monfreda, C., Ramankutty, N., Zaks, D., 2008. Carbon payback times for crop-based biofuel expansion in the tropics: The effects of changing yield and technology.

Environmental Research Letters 3, 34001-34011.

Gnansounou, E., Dauriat, A., Villegas, J., Panichelli, L., 2009. Life cycle assessment of biofuels: energy and greenhouse gas balances. Bioresource Technology 100(21), 4919-30.

Goedkoop, M., Heijungs, R., Huijbregts, M., De Schryver, A.M., Struijs, J., van Zelm, R., 2012. ReCiPe 2008: a life cycle impact assessment method which comprises harmonised category indicators at the midpoint and the endpoint level; First edition (revised); Report I: Characterisation, July 2012. Available at: http://www.lcia-recipe.net (accessed January 2013).

González-García, S., Bacenetti, J., Negri, M., Fiala, M., Arroja, L., 2013. Comparative environmental performance of three different annual energy crops for biogas production in Northern Italy. Journal of Cleaner Production 43, 71-83.

Guinée, J., Gorrée, M., Heijungs, R., Huppes, G., Kleijn, R., de Koning, A., Huijbregts, M., 2002. Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment - Operational Guide to the ISO Standards. I. LCA in Perspective; IIa: Guide; IIb: Operational Annex III: Scientific Background. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Gutser, R., Ebertseder, T., Weber, A., Schraml, M., Schmidhalter, U., 2005. Short-term and residual availability of nitrogen after long-term application of organic fertilizers on arable land. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 168, 439-446.

Hamelinck, C., Schober, S., Mittelbach, M., Verolet, J., Dehue, B., 2007. Fatty acid ethyl esters. Final report for Lot 3a of the Bioscopes project, June 2007.

Hansen, S.B., Olsen, S.I., Ujang, Z., 2012. Greenhouse gas reductions through enhanced use of residues in the life cycle of Malaysian palm oil derived biodiesel. Bioresource technology 104, 358-66.

Harsono, S.S., Prochnow, A., Grundmann, P., Hansen, A., Hallmann, C., 2012. Energy balances and greenhouse gas emissions of palm oil biodiesel in Indonesia. GCB Bioenergy 4(2), 213-228.

73 references, page 1 of 5
Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue