Maximum Energy Yield Oriented Turbine Control in PMSG based Wind Farm
Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine
arxiv: Physics::Fluid Dynamics | Physics::Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics | Astrophysics::High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena | Physics::Space Physics | Astrophysics::Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
In the modern power systems, with the fast integration of the wind power into the grid, it turns to develop large-scale offshore wind farms equipped with the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) wind turbine. In large-scale offshore wind farms, the wind turbine operating reliability and the wake effect in the wind farm became important issues. The pitch angle and tip speed ratio are the two degrees of freedom for the PMSG wind turbine active power control, which are also the determining factors of the wind turbine lifetime. As the energy production of the wind turbine is the product of its active power and lifetime, the energy production can be maximised by optimising its pitch<br/>angle and tip speed ratio. In this study, the energy production of a 2 MW PMSG wind turbine is maximised by optimising its pitch angle and tip speed ratio. Moreover, taking into account the wake effect, the energy production of a wind farm equipped with two 2 MW PMSG wind turbines is maximised by optimising the pitch angle and tip speed ratio of each wind turbine.