Udfordringerne fra globalisering og migration:Interaktion mellem kønslighed og kulturel mangfoldighed
Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine
den lokale-globale dialektik, det multikulturelle paradigme | mangfoldighed og intersektionalitet | det nordiske kønsligheds dilemma | the local-global dialectic, the multicultural pradigm | diversity and intersectionality frames | the Nordic gender equality dilemma
Globalisering og migration har forøget mamgfoldighed og uligheder inden for og mellem nationerne og har skabt nye problemer for offentlige politikker og nye behov for at regulere politiske og socio-økonomiske problemer nationalt og globalt. Artiklen behandler disse udfordringer med særlig fokus på samspillet mellem køn og mangfoldighed. Det dobbelte formål er først at nyvurdere begreber om medborgerskab, nationalitet og tilhørsforhold i lyset af lokale og globale relationer og multikulturalisme og for det andet at diskutere samspillet mellem kønslighed og kulturel mangfoldighed fra den nordiske kontekst.
Globalization and migration has increased diversities and inequalities within and between nation states and has created new problems for public policies to regulate political and socio- economic problems on the national and global levels. The paper addresses the challenges from globalisation and immigration focusing on intersections between gender and diversity. The double objective is first to revisit notions of citizenship, nationality and belongings in the light of local-global relations and multiculturalism and secondly to discuss the intersections of gender equality and cultural diversity from the Nordic context. The first part of the paper illuminates the theoretical debates about globalization and migration from a perspective of gender, diversity and intersectionality. It is argued that globalization, increased migration represent a theoretical, normative and political challenge to gender equality because it has exacerbated inequality and diversity in and between the national, trans-national and global arenas. Classical concepts in social and political theory, like democracy, citizenship, the welfare state, feminism have been premised on the nation state. The second part looks at intersections of gender and diversity from the Nordic context focusing on immigrant women's struggles for recognition, equal citizenship and voice. Nordic state feminism is characterized by women's participation in politics and inclusion in the political elite and the Nordic welfare states are often perceived as paradigmatic cases of gender equality both in the EU and globally. It is therefore paradoxical that recent research reports and projects conclude that integration of ethnic minorities as equal citizens has failed in all the Nordic countries at the labour, market, in politics and society. The paper explores this Nordic ‘gender equality dilemma' between gender equality and diversity by looking at the framings of debates about Muslim women's headscarves in Denmark and Norway'. The conclusion reflects on theoretical and normative models to overcome the tensions in social justice between universal principles of equality and the particularism of places and spaces, as well as the tensions between gender equality, cultural recognition and political participation. <p> </p><p> </p>