Storage of hydrogen in nanostructured carbon materials

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Yürüm, Yuda ; Yurum, Yuda ; Taralp, Alpay ; Veziroğlu, T. Nejat ; Veziroglu, T. Nejat (2009)
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.03.001
  • Subject: TP0155-156 Chemical engineering | TP Chemical technology | TP0315-360 Fuel | QD Chemistry

Recent developments focusing on novel hydrogen storage media have helped to benchmark nanostructured carbon materials as one of the ongoing strategic research areas in science and technology. In particular, certain microporous carbon powders, carbon nanomaterials, and specifically carbon nanotubes stand to deliver unparalleled performance as the next generation of base materials for storing hydrogen. Accordingly, the main goal of this report is to overview the challenges, distinguishing traits, and apparent contradictions of carbon-based hydrogen storage technologies and to emphasize recently developed nanostructured carbon materials that show potential to store hydrogen by physisorption and/or chemisorption mechanisms. Specifically touched upon are newer material preparation methods as well as experimental and theoretical attempts to elucidate, improve or predict hydrogen storage capacities, sorption–desorption kinetics, microscopic uptake mechanisms and temperature–pressure–loading interrelations in nanostructured carbons, particularly microporous powders and carbon nanotubes.
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