Sand to Root Transfer of PAHs and PCBs by Carrots Grown on Sand with Pure Substances and Biosolids Amended Sand

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Sablayrolles, Caroline ; Montréjaud-Vignoles, Mireille ; Silvestre, Jérôme ; Patria, Lucie (2006)
  • Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS)
  • Journal: Acta Horticulturae (issn: 0567-7572)
  • Subject: Ecologie, Environnement | Ecotoxicologie | Biosolids | Trace organic compounds | Carrot | Aquiculture | Uptake

A study on behaviour of trace organic compounds (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, PAH, and Polychlorinated Biphenyls, PCB) in a sand-plant system has been carried out, with the reclamation of wastewater treatment plant biosolids for agriculture in mind. Carrot plants (Daucus carota) were grown on soilless culture (sand), to provide optimal transfer conditions, in plant containers inside a temperature regulated greenhouse. There were two types of experiment. The trace organic compounds have initially been introduced as pure substances. A second experiment has been carried out under the same conditions, but using biosolids. Plant development has been unaffected by the presence of the pure substances and the biosolids. The transfer of the trace organic compounds has been followed in the peel, the core and the leaves of the carrot plants. Results obtained are expressed as fluxes of the trace organic compounds into the plant. The results clearly show that trace organic compounds accumulate in the carrot peel.
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