A field study of lead phytoextraction by various scented Pelargonium cultivars

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Arshad, Muhammad ; Silvestre, Jérôme ; Pinelli, Eric ; Kallerhoff, Jean ; Kaemmerer, Michel ; Tarigo, A. ; Shahid, Muhammad ; Guiresse, Agnès Maritchù ; Pradère, Philippe ; Dumat, Camille (2008)
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Journal: Chemosphere (issn: 0045-6535)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.02.013
  • Subject: Science des sols | Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire | Biodiversité et Ecologie | Phytoremediation | Pelargonium | Cultivar | Pb | Soil–plant transfer

Phytoremediation appears to be a promising technique for metal soil clean up, although its successful application on a large scale still remains a challenge. Field experiments for six scented Pelargonium cultivars, conducted on two Pb-contaminated calcareous and acidic soils, revealed vigorous plant growth, with no symptoms of morpho-phytotoxicity in spite of high Pb accumulation levels. Lead contents in the harvestable parts of all plants grown on the acidic and more contaminated soil were significantly higher than those grown on the calcareous soil. Three cultivars (Attar of Roses, Clorinda and Atomic Snowflake) are Pb-hyperaccumulator plants: they accumulated more than 1000 mg Pb kg1 DW, with high biomass produced.
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