publication . Article . Other literature type . 2014

Antibiotic resistance and resistance genes in Escherichia coli from poultry farms, southwest Nigeria.

OLAWALE OLUFEMI ADELOWO;
Open Access English
  • Published: 12 Sep 2014
  • Country: Denmark
Abstract
<jats:p>Introduction: This study investigated the mechanisms of resistance in 36 E. coli isolated from waste, litter, soil and water samples collected from poultry farms in Southwestern Nigeria. Methodology: Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) distributions of the isolates were determined using the methods of the Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute and resistance genes detected by PCR. Results: A total of 30 isolates (94%) showed resistance to more than one antimicrobial. Percentage resistance was: tetracycline 81%, sulphamethoxazole 67%, streptomycin 56%, trimethoprim 47 %, ciprofloxacin 42%, ampicillin 36%, spectinomycin 28%, nalidixic acid 25%, chlo...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: biochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutrition
free text keywords: Farm waste, Livestock production environment, QnrS, Microbiology, Parasitology, Virology, Infectious Diseases, General Medicine
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