Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles using diatoms-silica-gold and EPS-gold bionanocomposite formation

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Schröfel, Adam ; Kratošová, Gabriela ; Bohunická, Markéta ; Dobročka, Edmund ; Vávra, Ivo (2011)
  • Publisher: Springer
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1007/s11051-011-0221-6
  • Subject: gold | nanoparticles | frustule | diatoms | silica | EPS | navicula atomus | composite – diadesmis gallica
    mesheuropmc: fungi

Novel synthesis of gold nanoparticles, EPS-gold, and silica-gold bionanocomposites by biologically driven processes employing two diatom strains (Navicula atomus, Diadesmis gallica) is described. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron diffraction analysis (SAED) revealed a presence of gold nanoparticles in the experimental solutions of the diatom culture mixed with tetrachloroaureate. Nature of the gold nanoparticles was confirmed by X-ray diffraction studies. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and TEM showed that the nanoparticles were associated with the diatom frustules and extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) excreted by the diatom cells. Due to its accessibility, simplicity, and effectiveness, this method of nanocomposites preparation has great importance for possible future applications.
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