publication . Article . Other literature type . 2012

Griffon vulture mortality at wind farms in southern Spain: Distribution of fatalities and active mitigation measures

Manuela de Lucas; Miguel Ferrer; Marc J. Bechard; Antonio R. Muñoz;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Mar 2012
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Country: Spain
Abstract
Wind is increasingly being used as a renewable energy source around the world. Avian mortality is one of the negative impacts of wind energy and a new technique that reduces avian collision rates is necessary. Using the most frequently-killed species, the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), we studied its mortality at 13 wind farms in Tarifa, Cadiz, Spain, before (2006-2007) and after (2008-2009) when selective turbine stopping programs were implemented as a mitigation measure. Ten wind farms (total of 244 turbines) were selectively stopped and three wind farms (total of 52 turbines) were not. We found 221 dead griffon vultures during the entire study and the mortali...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Nature and Landscape Conservation, Ecology, Gyps fulvus, biology.organism_classification, biology, Vulture, biology.animal, Mortality reduction, Turbine, Wind power, business.industry, business, Renewable energy, Mortality rate
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2012

Griffon vulture mortality at wind farms in southern Spain: Distribution of fatalities and active mitigation measures

Manuela de Lucas; Miguel Ferrer; Marc J. Bechard; Antonio R. Muñoz;