Abundance and composition of benthic fauna in Penaeus monodon Fabricius culture pond on the west coast of Malaysia peninsular

Article English OPEN
Abu Hena, M.K. ; Hishamuddin, O. ; Misri, K. (2006)
  • Subject: Aquaculture

This paper reports a study on the benthic faunal abundance and diversity of tiger shrimp P. monodon culture ponds in Perak, west coast of Malaysia Peninsular. Sampling was carried out at three weeks interval throughout the 116 days culture period. In addition, water temperature, dissolved oxygen, salinity, transparency, pH and organic matter of soil were also measured. Results showed that the major groups of macro-benthos comprised of gastropod, foraminifera, polychaetes, bivalve and insects; whereas the meio-benthos comprised of harpacticoid copepods, ostracods, nematodes, gastropods, foraminifera, bivalve, insects, crustacean nauplii and polychaetes. In macro-benthos, the abundance of different sizes of Gastropods increased throughout the culture duration. This consisted of 37-98.20% for <1cm length, 1.80-61.50% for 1-2cm length and 1.18—1.30% for >2cm length. Other macro and meio-benthic organisms decreased linearly with the culture period. The depletion symptom indicates that the culture species may have intensively preyed upon the consumable (<0.5cm in size) benthic fauna together with detritus and artificial diet; or could have been caused by pond bottom deterioration via uneaten feed, faces and toxic gases.
  • References (11)
    11 references, page 1 of 2

    Apud, F., H. Primavera and P.L. Torres, 1983. Farming ofprawn and shrimps. Extension manual 5, Aquaculture Department, SEAFDEC, 67.

    Banerjee, S.M. 1967. Water quality and soil condition of fishpond in some states oflndia in relation to fish production. Indian Journal ofFisheries, 14: 115-144.

    Boyd, C.E. 1995. Bottom soils, sediment and pond aquaculture. Chapman and Hall, NY, 348.

    Chong, V.C. and A Sasekumar, 1981. Food and feeding habits of white prawn Penaeus merguiensis. Marine Ecology and Progress Series, 5: 185-191.

    El Hag, E.A. 1984. Food and food selection of the Penaeid prawn Penaeus monodon (Fabricius). Hydrobiology, 110: 213-217.

    Kungvankij, B.J., J.R. Pudadera, J.R. Tirio, I.O. Potesta and T.E. Chua, 1986. An improved traditional shrimp culture technique for increasing pond yield. NACA Training Manual Technology Series (Selected Publication No. 5). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationals (FAO) and Aquaculture Department. SEAFDEC.

    Marte, C.L. 1982. Seasonal variation in food and feeding of Penaeus monodon Fabricius (Decapoda Natantia). Crustaceana, 42(3): 250-255.

    Moriarty, D. 1996. Microbial biotechnology: a key ingredient for sustainable aquaculture. Infofish International, 4: 29-33.

    Shariff, M., F.M. Yusoff, T.N. Devaraja and P.S. Srinivasa Rao, 2001. The effectiveness of a commercial microbial product in poorly prepared tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon (Fabricius) ponds. Aquatic Research, 32: 181-187.

    Shishehchian, F. and F.M. Yusoff, 1999. Composition and abundance of macrobenthos in intensive tropical marine shrimp culture ponds. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 30(1): 128-133.

  • Similar Research Results (2)
  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark