publication . Article . 2017

Can small zooplankton mix lakes?

Stefano Simoncelli; Stephen J. Thackeray; Danielle J. Wain;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Oct 2017
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
The idea that living organisms may contribute to turbulence and mixing in lakes and oceans (biomixing) dates to the 1960s, but has attracted increasing attention in recent years. Recent modeling and experimental studies suggest that marine organisms can enhance turbulence as much as winds and tides in oceans, with an impact on mixing. However, other studies show opposite and contradictory results, precluding definitive conclusions regarding the potential importance of biomixing. For lakes, only models and lab studies are available. These generally indicate that small zooplankton or passive bodies generate turbulence but different levels of mixing depending on th...
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free text keywords: Ecology and Environment, Turbulence, Biology, Zooplankton, Oceanography, Numerical models
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