Single Bit Radar Systems for Digital Integration
Small, low cost, radar systems have exciting applications in monitoring and imaging for the industrial, healthcare and Internet of Things (IoT) sectors. We here explore, and show the feasibility of, several single bit square wave radar architectures; that benefits from the continuous improvement in digital technologies for system-on-chip digital integration. By analysis, simulation and measurements we explore novel and harmonic-rich continuous wave (CW), stepped-frequency CW (SFCW) and frequency-modulated CW (FMCW) architectures, where harmonics can not only be suppressed but even utilized for improvements in down-range resolution without increasing on air-bandwidth. In addition, due to the flexible digital CMOS implementation, the system is proved by measurement, to feasibly implement pseudo-random noise-sequence and pulsed radars, simply by swapping out the digital baseband processing. Single bit quantization is explored in detail, showing the benefits of simple implementation, the feasibility of continuous time design and only slightly degraded signal quality in noisy environments compared to an idealized analog system.
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