publication . Master thesis . 2010

Structural Sexual Violence in the Peruvian Military : An Empirical Study of Discrimination against Women and its consequences in the Peruvian Armed Forces

Cornejo, Leiry;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2010
Abstract
The aim of this thesis is the better understanding of structural sexual violence against women. Through a human rights approach, the author examines the link between the gendered discriminatory policies against women and the occurrences of sexual violence against female soldiers within the Peruvian Armed Forces. This empirical study demonstrates that whereas civil and political rights must be respected and enforced, the satisfaction of socio-economic rights is also a key element for the prevention of violence against women. The cases of discrimination in the access to education, to labor, and reproductive rights within the Peruvian Military demonstrate that, in ...

1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………….. 1 1.1 Research objective and questions………………………………………………. 1 1.2 Relevance of the study…………………………………………………………..2 1.3 Scope and limitation of the study………………………………………………..5 1.3.1 Scope……………………………………………………………………………5 1.3.2 Limitations.………………………………………………………………………5 1.4 Terminology Clarification……………………………………………………….6 1.5 Literature Review……………………………………………………………….6 1.6 Methodology…………………………………………………………….………7 1.6.1 Field Research……………………………………………..…………….……….7 1.7 Legal Sources..………………………………………………………………….9 1.8 Structure of thesis…...…………………………………………………………11

2. WOMEN AND THE MILITARY IN PERU…………..…………………….13 2.1 The background: Women's participation in the Peruvian internal armed conflict…………………………………………………………………………13 2.1.1 Women's participation in Sendero Luminoso: Frompeasant to fighter……………………………………………………………………………..13 2.1.2 Women as victims of human rights' violations …………………………..………….15 2.1.3 Women's new socio-political role………………………………………………….18 2.2 Who is willing to serve? Identifying female soldiers…………………………..19 3.1.2 The Principle of Non-Discrimination in the Inter-American System: A Jus Cogens principle……………………………………………….….……..28 3.2 State responsibility to protect women from sexual violence………….………..30

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