Family, Socialization and Migration in Norwegian-Pakistani Families: A Study of the First and the Second Generation
Gender | roles | Pakistani | Migration | Childrearing | Socialization | Norwegian
Summary Author s name: Yasmine Shakari Title: Family, Socialization and Migration in Norwegian-Pakistani Families: A Study of the First and the Second Generation Supervisor: Øystein Gullvåg Holter Co-supervisor: Thomas Walle Aim of study: This thesis seeks to obtain knowledge about 1) how the first generation of Norwegian-Pakistanis were raised in Pakistan in terms of socialization of gender roles, 2) how the second generation of Norwegian-Pakistanis have been raised here in Norway, and 3) if there are any alterations or continuation of traditions regarding the socialization of gender roles from one generation to the next. The purpose of the study was to look at the childrearing structures within Norwegian-Pakistani families on the basis of the first and the second generation of Norwegian-Pakistani s own situational descriptions and experiences. Method: I have used interviews from Norsk Folkemuseum s database of 6 male and 6 female informants from the first generation. I conducted qualitative research interview of 3 male and 3 female informants from the second generation. Theoretical perspectives: I have used relevant theories and research on Norwegian-Pakistanis and related subjects such as migration, religion, culture, childrearing, and socialization of gender roles, etc. Findings: Four main patterns have been discovered through my material; 1) there is a persistence and centrality of religion found in both generations, 2) there are clear changes found within both generations and also from one generation to the other, 3) the importance of family is evident in both generations, but there are also variations between families as they tend to differ in terms of marriage patterns, traditions and socialization of gender roles, and 4) women working and education is essential for change, as Norwegian-Pakistani women working outside the private sphere can effect the traditional gender roles at home, and education postpones marriage plans and hence cause alterations of traditions.