publication . Article . Other literature type . Conference object . 2009

Attention Problems, Inhibitory Control, and Intelligence Index Overlapping Genetic Factors: A Study in 9-, 12-, and 18-Year-Old Twins

Polderman, Tinca J. C.; de Geus, Eco J. C.; Hoekstra, Rosa A.; Bartels, Meike; van Leeuwen, Marieke; Verhulst, Frank C.; Posthuma, Danielle; Boomsma, Dorret I.;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 May 2009 Journal: Neuropsychology, volume 23, pages 381-391 (issn: 0894-4105, eissn: 1931-1559, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
  • Country: Netherlands
Abstract
It is assumed that attention problems (AP) are related to impaired executive functioning. We investigated the association between AP and inhibitory control and tested to what extent the association was due to genetic factors shared with IQ. Data were available from 3 independent samples of 9-, 12-, and 18-year-old twins and their siblings (1,209 participants). AP were assessed with checklists completed by multiple informants. Inhibitory control was measured with the Stroop Color Word Task (Stroop, 1935), and IQ with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Wechsler et al., 2002) or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (Wechsler, 1997). AP and inhibitory contro...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: behavioral disciplines and activities
free text keywords: Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, El Niño, Cognitive psychology, Intelligence quotient, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Endophenotype, Cohort, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Developmental psychology, Stroop effect, Psychology, Cognition
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