publication . Article . 2012

Fermentation of animal components in strict carnivores: A comparative study with cheetah fecal inoculum 1,2

Depauw, S.; Bosch, Guido; Hesta, M.; Whitehouse-Tedd, K.; Hendriks, W.H.; Kaandorp, J.; Janssens, P.J.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2012
Abstract
The natural diet of felids contains highly digestible animal tissues but also fractions resistant to small intestinal digestion, which enter the large intestine where they may be fermented by the resident microbial population. Little information exists on the microbial degradability of animal tissues in the large intestine of felids consuming a natural diet. This study aimed to rank animal substrates in their microbial degradability by means of an in vitro study using captive cheetahs fed a strict carnivorous diet as fecal donors. Fresh cheetah fecal samples were collected, pooled, and incubated with various raw animal substrates (chicken cartilage, collagen, gl...
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46 references, page 1 of 4

Asghar, A., and R. L. Henrickson. 1982. Chemical, biochemical, functional, and nutritional characteristics of collagen in food systems. Adv. Food. Res. 28:231−372.

Barry, K. A., B. J. Wojcicki, L. Bauer, I. S. Middelbos, B. M. Vester Boler, K. S, Swanson, and G. C. Fahey. 2011. Adaptation of healthy adult cats to select dietary fibers in vivo affects gas and short-chain fatty acid production from fiber fermentation in vitro. J. Anim. Sci. 89:3163−3169.

Bauer, E., B. A. Williams, M. W. Bosch, C. Voigt, R. Mosenthin, and M. W. A. Verstegen. 2004. Differences in microbial activity of digesta from three sections of the porcine large intestine according to in vitro fermentation of carbohydrate-rich substrates. J. Sci. Food Agric. 84:2097−2104.

Becker, P. M., A. H. van Gelder, P. G. van Wikselaar, A. W. Jongbloed, and J. W. Cone. 2003. Carbon balances for in vitro digestion and fermentation of potential roughages for pregnant sows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 110:159−174. [OpenAIRE]

Bell, K. M. 2010. Spot the difference: Are cheetahs really just big cats? Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK.

Blummel, M., H. P. S. Makkar, and K. Becker. 1997. In vitro gas production: A technique revisited. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 77:24−34.

Bosch, G., W. F. Pellikaan, P. G. P. Rutten, A. F. B. van der Poel, M. W. A. Verstegen, and W. H. Hendriks. 2008. Comparative in vitro fermentation activity in the canine distal gastrointestinal tract and fermentation kinetics of fiber sources. J. Anim. Sci. 86:2979−2989. [OpenAIRE]

Bosch, G., A. Verbrugghe, M. Hesta, J. J. Holst, A. F. B. van der Poel, G. P. J. Janssens, and W. H. Hendriks. 2009. The effects of dietary fibre type on satiety-related hormones and voluntary food intake in dogs. Br. J. Nutr. 102:318−325. [OpenAIRE]

Bueno, A. R., T. G. Cappel, G. D Sunvold, R. A Moxley, G. A Reinhart, and E. T. Clemens. 2000. Feline colonic microbes and fatty acid transport: Effects of feeding cellulose, beet pulp and pectin/gum arabic fibers. Nutr. Res. 20:1319−1328.

Bueno, L., F. Praddaude, J. Fioramonti, and Y. Ruckebusch. 1981. Effect of dietary fiber on gastrointestinal motility and jejuna transit time in dogs. Gastroenterol. 80:701−707.

Cone, J. W., and A. H. van Gelder. 1999. Influence of protein fermentation on gas production profiles. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 76:251−264. [OpenAIRE]

Cone, J. W., A. H. van Gelder, G. J. W. Visscher, and L. Oudshoorn. 1996. Influence of rumen fluid and substrate concentration on fermentation kinetics measured with a fully automated time related gas production apparatus. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 61:113−128.

Cummings, J. H. and G. T. Macfarlane. 1991. The control and consequences of bacterial fermentation in the human colon. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 70:443−459.

Depauw, S., M. Hesta, K. Whitehouse-Tedd, L. Vanhaecke, A. Verbrugghe, and G. P. J. Janssens. 2011. Animal fibre: The forgotten nutrient in strict carnivores? First insights in the cheetah. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. doi: 10.1111/j.1439- 0396.2011.01252.x

Dierenfeld, E. S. 1993. Nutrition of captive cheetahs-Food composition and blood parameters. Zoo Biol. 12:143−150.

46 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
The natural diet of felids contains highly digestible animal tissues but also fractions resistant to small intestinal digestion, which enter the large intestine where they may be fermented by the resident microbial population. Little information exists on the microbial degradability of animal tissues in the large intestine of felids consuming a natural diet. This study aimed to rank animal substrates in their microbial degradability by means of an in vitro study using captive cheetahs fed a strict carnivorous diet as fecal donors. Fresh cheetah fecal samples were collected, pooled, and incubated with various raw animal substrates (chicken cartilage, collagen, gl...
Download from
46 references, page 1 of 4

Asghar, A., and R. L. Henrickson. 1982. Chemical, biochemical, functional, and nutritional characteristics of collagen in food systems. Adv. Food. Res. 28:231−372.

Barry, K. A., B. J. Wojcicki, L. Bauer, I. S. Middelbos, B. M. Vester Boler, K. S, Swanson, and G. C. Fahey. 2011. Adaptation of healthy adult cats to select dietary fibers in vivo affects gas and short-chain fatty acid production from fiber fermentation in vitro. J. Anim. Sci. 89:3163−3169.

Bauer, E., B. A. Williams, M. W. Bosch, C. Voigt, R. Mosenthin, and M. W. A. Verstegen. 2004. Differences in microbial activity of digesta from three sections of the porcine large intestine according to in vitro fermentation of carbohydrate-rich substrates. J. Sci. Food Agric. 84:2097−2104.

Becker, P. M., A. H. van Gelder, P. G. van Wikselaar, A. W. Jongbloed, and J. W. Cone. 2003. Carbon balances for in vitro digestion and fermentation of potential roughages for pregnant sows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 110:159−174. [OpenAIRE]

Bell, K. M. 2010. Spot the difference: Are cheetahs really just big cats? Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK.

Blummel, M., H. P. S. Makkar, and K. Becker. 1997. In vitro gas production: A technique revisited. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 77:24−34.

Bosch, G., W. F. Pellikaan, P. G. P. Rutten, A. F. B. van der Poel, M. W. A. Verstegen, and W. H. Hendriks. 2008. Comparative in vitro fermentation activity in the canine distal gastrointestinal tract and fermentation kinetics of fiber sources. J. Anim. Sci. 86:2979−2989. [OpenAIRE]

Bosch, G., A. Verbrugghe, M. Hesta, J. J. Holst, A. F. B. van der Poel, G. P. J. Janssens, and W. H. Hendriks. 2009. The effects of dietary fibre type on satiety-related hormones and voluntary food intake in dogs. Br. J. Nutr. 102:318−325. [OpenAIRE]

Bueno, A. R., T. G. Cappel, G. D Sunvold, R. A Moxley, G. A Reinhart, and E. T. Clemens. 2000. Feline colonic microbes and fatty acid transport: Effects of feeding cellulose, beet pulp and pectin/gum arabic fibers. Nutr. Res. 20:1319−1328.

Bueno, L., F. Praddaude, J. Fioramonti, and Y. Ruckebusch. 1981. Effect of dietary fiber on gastrointestinal motility and jejuna transit time in dogs. Gastroenterol. 80:701−707.

Cone, J. W., and A. H. van Gelder. 1999. Influence of protein fermentation on gas production profiles. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 76:251−264. [OpenAIRE]

Cone, J. W., A. H. van Gelder, G. J. W. Visscher, and L. Oudshoorn. 1996. Influence of rumen fluid and substrate concentration on fermentation kinetics measured with a fully automated time related gas production apparatus. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 61:113−128.

Cummings, J. H. and G. T. Macfarlane. 1991. The control and consequences of bacterial fermentation in the human colon. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 70:443−459.

Depauw, S., M. Hesta, K. Whitehouse-Tedd, L. Vanhaecke, A. Verbrugghe, and G. P. J. Janssens. 2011. Animal fibre: The forgotten nutrient in strict carnivores? First insights in the cheetah. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. doi: 10.1111/j.1439- 0396.2011.01252.x

Dierenfeld, E. S. 1993. Nutrition of captive cheetahs-Food composition and blood parameters. Zoo Biol. 12:143−150.

46 references, page 1 of 4
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