publication . Other literature type . Article . 2016

Climate change adaptation and mitigation in smallholder crop–livestock systems in sub-Saharan Africa: a call for integrated impact assessments

Katrien Descheemaeker; Simon J. Oosting; Sabine Homann-Kee Tui; Patricia Masikati; Gatien N. Falconnier; Ken E. Giller;
  • Published: 02 Apr 2016
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Abstract
<p>African mixed crop–livestock systems are vulnerable to climate change and need to adapt in order to improve productivity and sustain people’s livelihoods. These smallholder systems are characterized by high greenhouse gas emission rates, but could play a role in their mitigation. Although the impact of climate change is projected to be large, many uncertainties persist, in particular with respect to impacts on livestock and grazing components, whole-farm dynamics and heterogeneous farm populations. We summarize the current understanding on impacts and vulnerability and highlight key knowledge gaps for the separate system components and the mixed farming syste...
Subjects
free text keywords: Agricultural model, Farm size, Farming systems analysis, Food security, Poverty, Risk, Global and Planetary Change, P40 - Météorologie et climatologie, E80 - Economie familiale et artisanale, L01 - Elevage - Considérations générales, F08 - Systèmes et modes de culture, Polyculture élevage, Changement climatique, agriculture familiale, Exploitation agricole familiale, atténuation des effets du changement climatique, adaptation aux changements climatiques, Sécurité alimentaire, Pauvreté, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4873, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1666, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1422957329186, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2787, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1374571087594, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1374567058134, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_10967, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6151, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_166, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8355, http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2676, Small farm, Vulnerability, Risk management, business.industry, business, Impact assessment, Diversification (marketing strategy), Environmental resource management, Mixed farming, Psychological resilience, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Economics
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