Transparency of standard terms under the Unfair Contract Terms Directive and the Proposal for a Common European Sales Law

Article English OPEN
Loos, M.B.M. (2015)
  • Subject:
    acm: ComputingMilieux_LEGALASPECTSOFCOMPUTING

This paper discusses whether and to what extent the transparency principle is applicable to standard contract terms legislation under European Union law and what the consequences are when the principle, in so far as it is recognized, is breached. To that extent, it focuses first on the Unfair Contract Terms Directive and second on the proposal for a Common European Sales Law.
  • References (27)
    27 references, page 1 of 3

    12 ECJ 26 Apr. 2012, C-472/10 NFH/Invitel, ECLI:EU:C:2012:242.

    13 Points 1(j) and (l) and 2(b) and (d) of the annex to the Directive, as mentioned above.

    14 ECJ 26 Apr. 2012, C-472/10 NFH/Invitel, ECLI:EU:C:2012:242, point 24. In points 25 and 26, the Court indicated that although the annex itself only contains an indicative and non-exhaustive list of terms, which may be regarded as unfair, 'it is nevertheless an essential element on which the competent court may base its assessment as to the unfair nature of that term' and that with regard to terms allowing for changes in the total price the provisions in the annex are 'particularly relevant'.

    15 ECJ 26 Apr. 2012, C-472/10 NFH/Invitel, ECLI:EU:C:2012:242, points 27-29.

    16 ECJ 21 Mar. 2013, C-92/11 RWE Vertrieb AG/Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen eV, ECLI:C:EU:2013:180.

    17 ECJ 21 Mar. 2013, C-92/11 RWE Vertrieb AG/Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen eV, ECLI:C:EU:2013:180, points 40-44.

    18 Directive 2003/55/EC, OJ 2003, L 176/57.

    19 The directive has now been replaced by the Third Gas Directive mentioned earlier, but the substantive rules of Art. 3, para. 3 of this directive and Annex I to it are the same on this point.

    20 ECJ 21 Mar. 2013, C-92/11 RWE Vertrieb AG/Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen eV, ECLI:C:EU:2013:180, points 45-49.

    21 ECJ 21 Mar. 2013, C-92/11 RWE Vertrieb AG/Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen eV, ECLI:C:EU:2013:180, points 50-53.

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