publication . Article . 2001

Restoration of Natural and Semi-Natural Wetland Systems in Central Europe: Progress and Predictability of Developments

Klötzli, Frank; Grootjans, Ab P.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2001
Abstract
After almost 40 years of experience in wetland restoration in Central Europe in which vegetation changes have been monitored by means of permanent plots or vegetation maps, some light can be shed on the intrinsic dynamics of such ecosystems, showing the limits of restoration and constraints in its manipulation. Sometimes such constraints in the restoration process can be identified, mostly being constraints in nutrient availability or in the water regime, but unexpected changes can also be the result of intrinsic species fluctuations or invasive species. Unexpected vegetation developments are sometimes undesired, can be very persistent and may indicate that envi...
Subjects
free text keywords: succession, stable states, permanent plots, fluctuation, bog
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