Synergistic effects of drought and deforestation on the resilience of the south-eastern Amazon rainforest

Article English OPEN
Staal, Arie; Dekker, Stefan C.; Hirota, Marina; van Nes, Egbert H.;
(2015)
  • Subject: linking theory | Bistability | tipping points | african savannas | Ecological Modelling | feedbacks | Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics | global resilience | tropical tree cover | critical transitions | fire | climate-change | woody cover | Climate change | Regime shifts

The south-eastern Amazon rainforest is subject to ongoing deforestation and is expected to become drier due to climate change. Recent analyses of the distribution of tree cover in the tropics show three modes that have been interpreted as representing alternative stable... View more
  • References (5)

    40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 Holmgren, M., Scheffer, M., Huston, M.A., 1997. The interplay of facilitation and competition in plant communities. Ecology 78, 1966-1975.

    Lawrence, D., Vandecar, K., 2015. Effects of tropical deforestation on climate and agriculture. Nature Climate Change 5, 27-36.

    Lenton, T.M., Held, H., Kriegler, E., Hall, J.W., Lucht, W., Rahmstorf, S., Schellnhuber, H.J., 2008. Tipping elements in the Earth's climate system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105, 1786-1793.

    Malhi, Y., Aragão, L.E.O.C., Galbraith, D., Huntingford, C., Fisher, R., Zelazowski, P., Sitch, S., McSweeney, C., Meir, P., 2009. Exploring the likelihood and mechanism of a climatechange-induced dieback of the Amazon rainforest. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106, 20610-20615.

    Malhi, Y., Roberts, J.T., Betts, R.A., Killeen, T.J., Li, W., Nobre, C.A., 2008. Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon. Science 319, 169-172.

  • Metrics
Share - Bookmark