Business and Human Rights Litigation in Europe and Canada : The Promises of Forum of Necessity Jurisdiction

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Roorda, L.; Ryngaert, C.M.J.;

In the international debate over the human rights impact of transnational corporations' activities, access to judicial remedies for the human rights consequences of corporate misbehaviour has acquired a rather prominent place. For various reasons, victims of human right... View more
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    35 references, page 1 of 4

    25 Ibili, Gewogen rechtsmacht in het IPR (n. 23).

    26 Art. 3 Bundesgesetz über das Internationale Privatrecht (IPRG) of 18 December 1987, SR 291; English translation by Andreas Bucher, available at <>.

    27 Art. 11 Wet houdende het Wetboek van Internationaal Privaatrecht of 16 July 2004: “Onverminderd de andere bepalingen van deze wet zijn de Belgische rechters uitzonderlijk bevoegd wanneer de zaak nauwe banden met België heeft en een procedure in het buitenland onmogelijk blijkt of het onredelijk zou zijn te eisen dat de vordering in het buitenland wordt ingesteld.”

    28 Nuyts, Study on Residual Jurisdiction (n. 6) 83. See also Stephanie Redfield, Searching for Justice: The Use of Forum Necessitatis, Geo. J. Int'l L. 45 (2014) 893, 911-912.

    29 See Rechtbank Den Haag 21 March 2012, ECLI:NL:RBSGR:2012:BV9748.

    30 Obergericht Kanton Zürich 26 February 1992, ZR 90 (1991) 289, n. 89.

    31 See Rechtbank Rotterdam 8 June 2011, ECLI:NL:RBZUT:2008:BC9336 and Gerechtshof Den Haag 30 November 2010, ECLI:NL:GHSGR:2010:BO6529.

    32 On a comparative note, in the United States, forum of necessity does not exist as a separate category of jurisdiction. See Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia SA v. Hall, 466 U.S. 408, 419 n. 13 (1984): “We decline to consider adoption of a doctrine of jurisdiction by necessity - a potentially far-reaching modification of existing law - in the absence of a more complete record.”

    33 Section 6 Court Jurisdiction and Proceedings Transfer Act 2000, c. 7; s. 6 Court Jurisdiction and Proceedings Transfer Act, S.N.S. (Nova Scotia) 2003, c. 2; s. 6 Court Jurisdiction and Proceedings Transfer Act, S.B.C. (British Columbia) 2003, c. 28.

    34 One may note that Art. 9(b) Rv. also does not require a connection with the forum, but this is only the case where there is an absolute impossibility of bringing the claim elsewhere.

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