publication . Article . Doctoral thesis . 2014

the dynamics of cannabis use and dependence

van der Pol, P.M.;
Restricted
  • Published: 01 Jan 2014 Journal: European Neuropsychopharmacology, volume 26, page S115 (issn: 0924-977X, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: Netherlands
Abstract
Young adults who often smoke cannabis are at higher risk of dependence, but most do not become dependent. This thesis examined the question: Which frequent cannabis users are/become/stay dependent, and seek treatment, and which do not? It was answered with a three-year prospective cohort of 600 young adults (18-30 years) who used cannabis frequently (≥3 days weekly for >1 year), distinguishing users with and without dependence; comparisons with non-users and patients in treatment; and ‘naturalistic’ measurements of cannabis use. 1. The three-year course of cannabis use and dependence was dynamic. Overall, cannabis use decreased; "only" 37% of frequent users deve...
Subjects
free text keywords: Mental health, Cannabis abuse, Psychiatry, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Clinical psychology, Prospective cohort study, Young adult, Cannabis Dependence, Treatment demand, Cannabis, biology.organism_classification, biology, Psychology
Related Organizations
54 references, page 1 of 4

2. Bhattacharyya S., Fusar-Poli P., Borgwardt S., Martin-Santos R., Nosarti C., O'Carroll C. et al. Modulation of mediotemporal and ventrostriatal function in humans by Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol: a neural basis for the effects of Cannabis sativa on learning and psychosis. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2009; 66: 442-51.

Meier M.H., Caspi A., Ambler A., Harrington H., Houts R., Keefe R.S. et al. Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2012; 109: E2657-E2664. [OpenAIRE]

4. Solowij N., Battisti R. The chronic effects of cannabis on memory in humans: a review. Curr Drug Abuse Rev 2008; 1: 81-98. [OpenAIRE]

5. UNODC. World drug report: 2013. Vienna: 2013.

6. Von Sydow K., Lieb R., Pfister H., Hofler M., Wittchen H.U. What predicts incident use of cannabis and progression to abuse and dependence? A 4-year prospective examination of risk factors in a community sample of adolescents and young adults. Drug Alcohol Depend 2002; 68: 49-64.

7. Lopez-Quintero C., Cobos J.P., Hasin D.S., Okuda M., Wang S., Grant B.F. et al. Probability and predictors of transition from first use to dependence on nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine: Results of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Drug Alcohol Depend 2010. [OpenAIRE]

8. Coffey C., Carlin J.B., Degenhardt L., Lynskey M., Sanci L., Patton G.C. Cannabis dependence in young adults: an Australian population study. Addiction 2002; 97: 187-94.

9. EMCDDA. Annual report 2009: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. Lisbon: EMCDDA; 2009.

10. DegenhardtL.,FerrariA.J.,CalabriaB.,Hall W.D., Norman R.E., McGrath J. et al. The Global Epidemiology and Contribution of Cannabis Use and Dependence to the Global Burden of Disease: Results from the GBD 2010 Study. PLoS One 2013; 8: e76635.

11. Norberg M.M., Kezelman S., Lim-Howe N. Primary prevention of cannabis use: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. PLoS One 2013; 8: e53187.

12. van den Brink W. Forum: Decriminalization of cannabis. Curr Opin Psychiatry 2008; 21: 122-6.

13. Van Laar M.W., Cruts A.A.N., Van OoyenHouben M.M.J., Meijer R.F., Croes E.A., Brunt T. et al. Nationale Drug Monitor: jaarbericht 2012. Utrecht: Trimbosinstituut; 2013.

14. Looby A., Earleywine M. Negative consequences associated with dependence in daily cannabis users. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2007; 2: 3. [OpenAIRE]

15. Budney A.J., Moore B.A. Development and consequences of cannabis dependence. J Clin Pharmacol 2002; 42: 28S-33S. [OpenAIRE]

16. Temple E.C., Brown R.F., Hine D.W. The 'grass ceiling': limitations in the literature hinder our understanding of cannabis use and its consequences. Addiction 2011; 106: 238-44.

54 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Young adults who often smoke cannabis are at higher risk of dependence, but most do not become dependent. This thesis examined the question: Which frequent cannabis users are/become/stay dependent, and seek treatment, and which do not? It was answered with a three-year prospective cohort of 600 young adults (18-30 years) who used cannabis frequently (≥3 days weekly for >1 year), distinguishing users with and without dependence; comparisons with non-users and patients in treatment; and ‘naturalistic’ measurements of cannabis use. 1. The three-year course of cannabis use and dependence was dynamic. Overall, cannabis use decreased; "only" 37% of frequent users deve...
Subjects
free text keywords: Mental health, Cannabis abuse, Psychiatry, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Clinical psychology, Prospective cohort study, Young adult, Cannabis Dependence, Treatment demand, Cannabis, biology.organism_classification, biology, Psychology
Related Organizations
54 references, page 1 of 4

2. Bhattacharyya S., Fusar-Poli P., Borgwardt S., Martin-Santos R., Nosarti C., O'Carroll C. et al. Modulation of mediotemporal and ventrostriatal function in humans by Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol: a neural basis for the effects of Cannabis sativa on learning and psychosis. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2009; 66: 442-51.

Meier M.H., Caspi A., Ambler A., Harrington H., Houts R., Keefe R.S. et al. Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2012; 109: E2657-E2664. [OpenAIRE]

4. Solowij N., Battisti R. The chronic effects of cannabis on memory in humans: a review. Curr Drug Abuse Rev 2008; 1: 81-98. [OpenAIRE]

5. UNODC. World drug report: 2013. Vienna: 2013.

6. Von Sydow K., Lieb R., Pfister H., Hofler M., Wittchen H.U. What predicts incident use of cannabis and progression to abuse and dependence? A 4-year prospective examination of risk factors in a community sample of adolescents and young adults. Drug Alcohol Depend 2002; 68: 49-64.

7. Lopez-Quintero C., Cobos J.P., Hasin D.S., Okuda M., Wang S., Grant B.F. et al. Probability and predictors of transition from first use to dependence on nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine: Results of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Drug Alcohol Depend 2010. [OpenAIRE]

8. Coffey C., Carlin J.B., Degenhardt L., Lynskey M., Sanci L., Patton G.C. Cannabis dependence in young adults: an Australian population study. Addiction 2002; 97: 187-94.

9. EMCDDA. Annual report 2009: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. Lisbon: EMCDDA; 2009.

10. DegenhardtL.,FerrariA.J.,CalabriaB.,Hall W.D., Norman R.E., McGrath J. et al. The Global Epidemiology and Contribution of Cannabis Use and Dependence to the Global Burden of Disease: Results from the GBD 2010 Study. PLoS One 2013; 8: e76635.

11. Norberg M.M., Kezelman S., Lim-Howe N. Primary prevention of cannabis use: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. PLoS One 2013; 8: e53187.

12. van den Brink W. Forum: Decriminalization of cannabis. Curr Opin Psychiatry 2008; 21: 122-6.

13. Van Laar M.W., Cruts A.A.N., Van OoyenHouben M.M.J., Meijer R.F., Croes E.A., Brunt T. et al. Nationale Drug Monitor: jaarbericht 2012. Utrecht: Trimbosinstituut; 2013.

14. Looby A., Earleywine M. Negative consequences associated with dependence in daily cannabis users. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2007; 2: 3. [OpenAIRE]

15. Budney A.J., Moore B.A. Development and consequences of cannabis dependence. J Clin Pharmacol 2002; 42: 28S-33S. [OpenAIRE]

16. Temple E.C., Brown R.F., Hine D.W. The 'grass ceiling': limitations in the literature hinder our understanding of cannabis use and its consequences. Addiction 2011; 106: 238-44.

54 references, page 1 of 4
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publication . Article . Doctoral thesis . 2014

the dynamics of cannabis use and dependence

van der Pol, P.M.;