Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils against human pathogenic bacteria

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Sokovic, M. ; Marin, P.D. ; Brkic, D. ; Griensven, van, L.J.L.D. (2008)

The chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from 10 aromatic plants Matricaria chamommilla, Mentha piperita, M. spicata, Lavandula angustifolia, Ocimum basilicum, Thymus vulgaris, Origanum vulgare, Salvia officinalis, Citrus limon and C. aurantium have been determined. Antibacterial activity of these oils and their components; i.e. linalyl acetate, linalool, limonene, pinene, ß-pinene, 1,8-cineole, camphor, carvacrol, thymol and menthol were assayed against a variety of human pathogenic bacteria. The highest and broadest activity was shown by Origanum vulgare oil. Carvacrol possessed the highest antifungal activity among the components tested
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