We discuss how fragmentation of resources and habitat operate differently on species diversity across spatial scales, ranging from positive effects on local species coexistence to negative effect on intermediate spatial scales, to again positive effects on large spatial... View more
Elton, C.S., 1958. The Ecology of Invasion by Animals and Plants. Methuen, London.
Hanski, I., Simberloff, D., 1997. The metapopulation approach, its history, conceptual domain and application to conservation. In: Hanski, I., Gilpin, M.E. (Eds.), Metapopulation Biology. Ecology, Genetics and Evolution. Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 5-26.
Hobbs, R.J., Huenneke, L.F., 1992. Disturbance, diversity, and invasion: implications for conservation. Conserv. Biol. 6, 324- 337.
Holling, C.S., 1992. Cross-scale morphology, geometry, and dynamics of ecosystems. Ecol. Monogr. 62, 447-502.
Huston, M.A., 1994. Biological diversity. The Coexistence of Species on Changing Landscapes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Huston, M.A., 1999. Local processes and regional patterns: appropriate scales for understanding variation in the diversity of plants and animals. Oikos 86, 393-401.
Johnson, G.D., Tempelman, A., Patil, G.P., 1995. Fractal based methods in ecology: a review for analysis at multiple spatial scales. Coenoses 10, 123-131.