publication . Other literature type . Article . 2002

Partner Choice and Homogamy in the Nineteenth Century: Was There a Sexual Revolution in Europe?

M. H. D. van Leeuwen; I. Maas;
  • Published: 01 Sep 2002
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
In this article long-term changes in homogamy during industrialization are studied. According to the `sexual revolution thesis' of Shorter industrialization weakened homogamy mainly by changing the preferences of young people. Others point to the importance of changes in social control by parents and peers and in the opportunities of potential marriage partners to meet. Both ethnographic data on bundling and tables of occupational homogamy in Sweden in the nineteenth century are used to describe changes in homogamy and to shed light on potential causes of these changes. In particular it is tested whether homogamy weakened during industrialization and whether hom...
Medical Subject Headings: sense organsskin and connective tissue diseases
free text keywords: 1789-1900, Social conditions, Parental consent, Marriage, Mate selection, History, Europe, Social control, Industrialisation, Sexual revolution, Sociology, Demographic economics, Political economy, Parental control, Social condition, Gender studies, Romance
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28 references, page 1 of 2

2. Edward Shorter, The Making of the Modern Family (New York, 1975), pp. 19-20.

3. Shorter, The Making of the Modern Family, p. 148.

4. E. Shorter, "Illegitimacy, sexual revolution, and social change in modern Europe," Journal of Interdisciplinary History 6 (1971): 237-272.

5. E. Shorter, "Female emancipation, birth control, and fertility in European history," American Historical Review 78 (1973): 605-640.

6. Shorter, The Making of the Modern Family, p. 150.

7. See M.H.D. van Leeuwen and I. Maas, "Long-term social mobility: research agenda and a case study (Berlin, 1825-1957)," Continuity and Change 11 (1996): 399-433; and M.H.D. van Leeuwen and I. Maas, "Social mobility in a Dutch province, Utrecht 1850-1940," Journal of Social History 30 (1997): 619-644 for a review.

8. W. Goode, The Family (Englewood Cliffs, 1964), pp. 108-109.

9. W. Uunk, Who marries whom? The role of social origin, education and high culture in mate selection of industrial societies during the twentieth century (Nijmegen, 1996). [OpenAIRE]

10. See for example P.M. Blau, T.C. Blum, and J.E. Schwartz, "Heterogeneity and intermarriage," American Sociological Review (1982) 47: 45-62; M. Kalmijn and H. Flap, "Assortative meeting and mating: unintended consequences of organized settings for partner choices," Social Forces 79 (2001): 1289-1312. [OpenAIRE]

11. For a comparison of the difference between total and relative intergenerational mobility, see M. Hout, Mobility Tables (Beverly Hills, 1982).

12. M. Kalmijn, "Status homogamy in the United States," American Journal of Sociology 97 (1991a): 496-523.

13. M. Mitterauer, A History of Youth (Oxford, 1990), p. 54.

14. K.R.V. Wikman, "Die Einleitung der Ehe. Eine vergleichende Ethno-soziologische Untersuchung über die Vorstufe der Ehe in den Sitten des Schwedischen Volkstum," Acta Academiae Aboensis Humaniora XI (1937): 1-384, and especially pp. 17 and 22.

15. Wikman, "Die Einleitung der Ehe", pp. 55 et passim; J.E. Nilsson, Sundsvalls historia. Vol. 5 16. Mitterauer, A History of Youth, pp. 178-184; Shorter, The Making of the Modern Family, pp. 124- 127; L. Tilly and J.W. Scott, Women, Work and Family (New York, 1978), pp. 38, 58 and 187.

21. Shorter, The Making of the Modern Family, pp. 104-105 also refers to Wikman, albeit briefly.

28 references, page 1 of 2
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