publication . Article . 2001

the interactive effects of infrequency of occurrence and expectancy on social group representations

van Knippenberg, D.; Spears, R.;
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  • Published: 01 Dec 2001 Journal: Basic and Applied Social Psychology, volume 23, pages 281-289 (issn: 0197-3533, eissn: 1532-4834, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Informa UK Limited
  • Country: Netherlands
Abstract
We argue that representations of infrequently encountered groups are more likely to be congruent with stereotype-based expectations than perceptions of more frequently encountered groups. This is because it should be easier to maintain stereotype-based expectations in view of a limited number of expectancy-confirming and disconfirming instances than in view of a larger body of information. Results of 2 experiments in a modified illusory correlation paradigm supported this prediction. In both experiments, participants read a set of statements about the behavior of the members of 2 groups, the I group occurring more frequently. Prior to this, either positive or ne...
Subjects
free text keywords: Social psychology, Free recall, Social cognition, Social perception, Cognitive bias, Stereotype, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Psychology, Illusory correlation, Social group, Impression formation, Applied Psychology, STEREOTYPE FORMATION, IMPRESSION-FORMATION, INFORMATION, MEMORY, PERCEPTION, CATEGORIZATION, INTEGRATION, PRECURSOR, SALIENCE
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publication . Article . 2001

the interactive effects of infrequency of occurrence and expectancy on social group representations

van Knippenberg, D.; Spears, R.;