The Geopolitics of Shale Gas : The Implications of the US' Shale Gas Revolution on Intrastate Stability within Traditional Oil- and Natural Gas-Exporting Countries in the EU Neighborhood

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Jong, S. de; Auping, W.; Govers, J.; Peters, M.C.A.M.; Widdershoven, C.J.C.G.; Weterings, R.A.P.M.;
(2014)
  • Publisher: HCSS ; TNO

The US’ shale gas revolution could in the long term destabilize traditional oil- and gas exporters in the European Union (EU) neighborhood: A combination of substitution effects and greater energy efficiency, could put pressure on the price of oil, leading to fiscal dif... View more
  • References (33)
    33 references, page 1 of 4

    273 Ibid., 8 and 24.

    274 The International Monetary Fund, 'World Economic Outlook Database April 2012,' April 2012, http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/index.aspx.

    275 'Unemployment, Youth Male (% of Male Labor Force Ages 15-24),' The World Bank, 2012, http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.1524.MA.ZS.

    276 Author's own calculations.

    277 'Polity IV Regime Trends: Algeria, 1962-2010,' Center for Systemic Peace, 2011, http:// www.systemicpeace.org/polity/alg2.htm; Bekkers et al., De Toekomst in Alle Staten - HCSS Strategische Monitor 2013, 23.

    278 BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2010, 6 and 22.

    279 Ibid., 8 and 24.

    280 The International Monetary Fund, 'World Economic Outlook Database April 2012.'

    281 'Unemployment, Youth Male (% of Male Labor Force Ages 15-24).'

    282 Author's own calculations.

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