Ozone Generation in Dry Air Using Pulsed Discharges With and Without a Solid Dielectric Layer
- Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON DIELECTRICS AND ELECTRICAL INSULATION,
Energy efficient generation of ozone is very important because ozone is being used increasingly in a wide range of industrial applications. Ozonizers usually use dielectric barrier discharges and employ alternating current (ac) with consequent heat generation, which necessitates cooling. In the present study, very short duration pulsed voltage is employed resulting in reduced heating of the gas and discharge reactor. A comparison of ozone generation in dry air using a coaxial concentric electrode system with and without a solid dielectric layer is reported. Two types of dielectric layers were employed, ceramic and polyvinylchloride (PVC). The effects of peak pulsed voltage (12.5 to 62 kV), reactor length (0.1 to 1 m), pulse repetition rate (25 to 400 pulses per second, pps), gas flow rate (1.5 to 3.0 l/min) and variation of the pitch length of the spiral wire forming the central electrode (5 to 10 mm) on the concentration and production yield of ozone (g/kWh) are reported. A comparison is made between the performance of discharge reactors with (ceramic reactor Type IIC and PVC reactor Type IIP) and without (reactor Type I) a dielectric layer, using the same electrode gap separation (15 mm) and reactor lengths (0.157 and 1 m). High production yields of ozone in dry air of ∼ 122, 52 and 60 g/kWh were obtained when using, respectively ceramic, PVC, and no dielectric layer, for a fixed pulse rate of 100 pps, 1.5 l/min flow rate and for a relatively short length of the reactor of 157 mm.