The Livelihoods of Nara Palace Local Residents: Site Conservation Issues and Solutions
- Publisher: Graduate School of Human and Socio-Enviromental Studies Kanazawa University
人間社会環境研究 = Human and socio-environmental studies,
平城宮跡 | 遺跡保存 | 地域住民 | Nara Palace Site | Archaeological Site Conservation | Local Residents
Nara Palace is an important location in the history of Japanese archaeological site conservation because conservation work here started early, the project is large scale, and a number of participants are involved. The history of conservation at this site went passed through a number of complex stages over more than a century, including initial discovery, calls for protection, damage, initiation of a conservation movement, designation as a historic site, acquisition of land by the Japanese government, implementation of a plan for protection, and the construction of a national historical park. There have also been frequent conflicts with the livelihoods of local residents during the conservation process, especially during the I 960s and 1970s. The aim of this paper is to summarize and discuss a number of examples of these conflicts, including the prices for land acquisition, the scope of designations, and reconstructing residences, as well as other situations that have influenced local residents. The experiences discussed in this paper reveal a number of possible solutions to the issues faced by local residents that can be applied to further harmonious coexistence at the Nara Palace site, and also provide a valuable experience base for other archaeological sites in similar situations.