publication . Article . 2016

Federalism in contrast to centralism: decentralization as a saving idea of the West-German postwar conservatism

Некрасова, Татьяна Александровна;
Open Access Russian
  • Published: 08 Dec 2016 Journal: Исторические исследования (History Studies) (issn: 2410-4671, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: МГУ имени М.В.Ломоносова (Lomonosov Moscow State University)
The article examines state theories, offered by German thinkers at the end of World War Two. The problem of centralized unitarism, produced by a tragic experience of the Third Reich, provokes public discussions about the structure of the future German state. A federal state which is influenced both by the previous German history and by the postwar realities is chosen as a key principle for building of the second German democracy. West allies in the Anti-Hitler coalition declare their intention to decentralizeGermanyopenly. This purpose is realized in creating the “Länder” as administrative units, where up to 1947 constitutions are worked out and adopted. On the ...
free text keywords: federalism; unitarism; occupation of Germany; postwar reorganization; democratization; German Federal Republic; Zero Hour; Christian Democratic Union, федерализм; унитаризм; оккупация Германии; послевоенное переустройство; демократизация; Федеративная республика Германия; час «ноль»; Христианско-демократический союз
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