SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF THE FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE COUNTRIES OF EASTERN EUROPE
- Publisher: Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University
Наукові записки Тернопільського національного педагогічного університету імені Володимира Гнатюка. Серія: педагогіка
socio-economic development; professional training; teacher; primary education | соціально-економічний розвиток; професійна педагогічна підготовка; вчитель; початкова освіта
The article deals with the study of socio-economic conditions of the development of the system of professional training of the future primary school teachers in the countries of Eastern Europe. The study highlights the experience of development of educational systems in the countries of Eastern Europe beginning with 1990. It is generalized that since the beginning of socio-economic transformations in Eastern European countries, democratic development of education has begun and the new systems of professional training of pedagogues have been formed. Studying the experience of development of the educational systems in the countries of Eastern Europe in the early 1990-s formed a series of general practical universal goals: breaking away from the centralized management to decentralized management and leadership; the movement towards political pluralism and more democratic governance models; the movement towards the more open, civil society, in which the role of the individual is substantially increased; creation (reproduction) of the deep sense of national identity both inside the country and internationally; promotion of economic growth under the conditions of global competitive market economy; promoting more active political, economic and social cooperation in Europe. It is noted that the changes in the socio-cultural, economic, geopolitical context of Europe have led to the transformation of the goals and objectives of education, which are now aimed at bringing it closer to real life. After the entry of the Eastern European countries into the European Union, the main problems of the development of pedagogical education were the definition of goals and priorities of the development of higher pedagogical training in each country; the definition of priorities in the sphere of higher education in the process of integration of the states into a single European educational space. The main problems, which higher pedagogical education in the countries of the EU currently faces, have been singled out in the article. The analysis showed that in the process of socio-economic transformations, changes were introduced in the content of curricula for the training of the future teachers for the primary level of education. It is noted that socio-economic transformations had a positive impact in the countries of the region as for improving the educational level of the population.