Subject: poplar wood | biofuel | forest biorefinery | lignosulfonate | high solids fermentation | enzymatic saccharification/hydrolysis | Energy Research | process scale-up
Poplar NE222 (Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh × P. nigra L.) wood chips were pretreated in a 390 L pilot-scale rotating wood-pulping digester using a dilute sulfite solution of approximately pH 1.8 at 160°C for 40 min for bioconversion to ethanol and lignosulfonate (L... View more
Adler E. (1977). Lignin chemistry – past, present and future. Wood Sci. Technol. 11, 169–218.10.1007/BF00365615
Dence C. W. (1992). “The determination of lignin,” in Methods in Lignin Chemistry, eds Lin S. Y. Dence C. W. (Berlin: Springer-Verlag), 33–61.
Gargulak J. D. Lebo S. E. (1999). “Commercial use of lignin-based materials,” in Lignin: Historical, Biological, and Materials Perspectives, Vol. 742, eds Glasser W. G. Northey R. A. Schultz T. P. (Washington, DC: American Chemical Society), 304–320.