publication . Other literature type . Article . 2017

Southern Ocean Phytoplankton in a Changing Climate

Deppeler, Stacy L.; Davidson, Andrew T.;
  • Published: 16 Feb 2017
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Abstract
Phytoplankton are the base of the Antarctic food web, sustain the wealth and diversity of life for which Antarctica is renowned, and play a critical role in biogeochemical cycles that mediate global climate. Over the vast expanse of the Southern Ocean (SO), the climate is variously predicted to experience increased warming, strengthening wind, acidification, shallowing mixed layer depths, increased light (and UV), changes in upwelling and nutrient replenishment, declining sea ice, reduced salinity, and the southward migration of ocean fronts. These changes are expected to alter the structure and function of phytoplankton communities in the SO. The diverse enviro...
Subjects
free text keywords: Aquatic Science, Global and Planetary Change, Ocean Engineering, Oceanography, Water Science and Technology, Ecology, Global warming, Food web, Effects of global warming, Upwelling, Climate change, Ecosystem, Biogeochemistry, Phytoplankton, Biology, Marine Science, Southern Ocean, primary productivity, Antarctica
356 references, page 1 of 24

Abbott M. R. Richman J. G. Letelier R. M. Bartlett J. S. (2000). The spring bloom in the Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone as observed from a mesoscale array of bio-optical s ensors. Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 47, 3285–3314. 10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00069-2 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Ackley S. Wadhams P. Comiso J. C. Worby A. P. (2003). Decadal decrease of Antarctic sea ice extent inferred from whaling records revisited on the basis of historical and modern sea ice records. Polar Res. 22, 19–25. 10.3402/polar.v22i1.6439 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Ainley D. G. Wilson P. R. Barton K. J. Ballard G. Nur N. Karl B. (1998). Diet and foraging effort of Adélie penguins in relation to pack-ice conditions in the southern Ross Sea. Polar Biol. 20, 311–319. 10.1007/s003000050308 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Alldredge A. L. Silver M. W. (1988). Characteristics, dynamics and significance of marine snow. Prog. Oceanogr. 20, 41–82. 10.1016/0079-6611(88)90053-5 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Anderson R. F. Barker S. Fleisher M. Gersonde R. Goldstein S. L. Kuhn G. . (2014). Biological response to millennial variability of dust and nutrient supply in the Subantarctic South Atlantic Ocean. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 372:20130054. 10.1098/rsta.2013.0054 24891398 [PubMed] [DOI]

Ardelan M. V. Holm-Hansen O. Hewes C. D. Reiss C. S. Silva N. S. Dulaiova H. . (2010). Natural iron enrichment around the Antarctic Peninsula in the Southern Ocean. Biogeosciences 7, 11–25. 10.5194/bg-7-11-2010 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Armour K. C. Marshall J. Scott J. R. Donohoe A. Newsom E. R. (2016). Southern Ocean warming delayed by circumpolar upwelling and equatorward transport. Nat. Geosci. 9, 549–554. 10.1038/ngeo2731 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Arrigo K. Worthen D. Dixon P. Lizotte M. P. (1998a). Primary productivity of near surface communities within antarctic pack ice, in Antarctic Sea Ice: Biological Processes, Interactions and Variability, eds Lizotte M. P. Arrigo K. R. (Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union), 23–43.

Arrigo K. R. (2014). Sea ice ecosystems. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci. 6, 439–467. 10.1146/annurev-marine-010213-135103 24015900 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. DiTullio G. R. Dunbar R. B. Robinson D. H. VanWoert M. Worthen D. L. . (2000). Phytoplankton taxonomic variability in nutrient utilization and primary production in the Ross Sea. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 105, 8827–8846. 10.1029/1998JC000289 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. Mock T. Lizotte M. P. (2010). Primary Producers and Sea Ice, in Sea Ice, 2 Edn., Chap. 8, eds Thomas D. N. Dieckmann G. (Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.), 283–326.

Arrigo K. R. Robin son D. H. Worthen D. L. Dunbar R. B. DiTullio G. R. VanWoert M. . (1999). Phytoplankton community structure and the drawdown of nutrients and CO 2 in the Southern Ocean. Science 283, 365–367. 10.1126/science.283.5400.365 9888847 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. Thomas D. N. (2004). Large scale importance of sea ice biology in the Southern Ocean. Antarct. Sci. 16, 471–486. 10.1017/S0954102004002263 [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. van Dijken G. Long M. (2008a). Coastal Southern Ocean: a strong anthropogenic CO 2 sink. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L21602. 10.1029/2008GL035624 [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. van Dijke n G. L. (2003). Phytoplankton dynamics within 37 Antarctic coastal polynya systems. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 108:3271. 10.1029/2002jc001739 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

356 references, page 1 of 24
Abstract
Phytoplankton are the base of the Antarctic food web, sustain the wealth and diversity of life for which Antarctica is renowned, and play a critical role in biogeochemical cycles that mediate global climate. Over the vast expanse of the Southern Ocean (SO), the climate is variously predicted to experience increased warming, strengthening wind, acidification, shallowing mixed layer depths, increased light (and UV), changes in upwelling and nutrient replenishment, declining sea ice, reduced salinity, and the southward migration of ocean fronts. These changes are expected to alter the structure and function of phytoplankton communities in the SO. The diverse enviro...
Subjects
free text keywords: Aquatic Science, Global and Planetary Change, Ocean Engineering, Oceanography, Water Science and Technology, Ecology, Global warming, Food web, Effects of global warming, Upwelling, Climate change, Ecosystem, Biogeochemistry, Phytoplankton, Biology, Marine Science, Southern Ocean, primary productivity, Antarctica
356 references, page 1 of 24

Abbott M. R. Richman J. G. Letelier R. M. Bartlett J. S. (2000). The spring bloom in the Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone as observed from a mesoscale array of bio-optical s ensors. Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 47, 3285–3314. 10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00069-2 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Ackley S. Wadhams P. Comiso J. C. Worby A. P. (2003). Decadal decrease of Antarctic sea ice extent inferred from whaling records revisited on the basis of historical and modern sea ice records. Polar Res. 22, 19–25. 10.3402/polar.v22i1.6439 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Ainley D. G. Wilson P. R. Barton K. J. Ballard G. Nur N. Karl B. (1998). Diet and foraging effort of Adélie penguins in relation to pack-ice conditions in the southern Ross Sea. Polar Biol. 20, 311–319. 10.1007/s003000050308 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Alldredge A. L. Silver M. W. (1988). Characteristics, dynamics and significance of marine snow. Prog. Oceanogr. 20, 41–82. 10.1016/0079-6611(88)90053-5 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Anderson R. F. Barker S. Fleisher M. Gersonde R. Goldstein S. L. Kuhn G. . (2014). Biological response to millennial variability of dust and nutrient supply in the Subantarctic South Atlantic Ocean. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 372:20130054. 10.1098/rsta.2013.0054 24891398 [PubMed] [DOI]

Ardelan M. V. Holm-Hansen O. Hewes C. D. Reiss C. S. Silva N. S. Dulaiova H. . (2010). Natural iron enrichment around the Antarctic Peninsula in the Southern Ocean. Biogeosciences 7, 11–25. 10.5194/bg-7-11-2010 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Armour K. C. Marshall J. Scott J. R. Donohoe A. Newsom E. R. (2016). Southern Ocean warming delayed by circumpolar upwelling and equatorward transport. Nat. Geosci. 9, 549–554. 10.1038/ngeo2731 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Arrigo K. Worthen D. Dixon P. Lizotte M. P. (1998a). Primary productivity of near surface communities within antarctic pack ice, in Antarctic Sea Ice: Biological Processes, Interactions and Variability, eds Lizotte M. P. Arrigo K. R. (Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union), 23–43.

Arrigo K. R. (2014). Sea ice ecosystems. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci. 6, 439–467. 10.1146/annurev-marine-010213-135103 24015900 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. DiTullio G. R. Dunbar R. B. Robinson D. H. VanWoert M. Worthen D. L. . (2000). Phytoplankton taxonomic variability in nutrient utilization and primary production in the Ross Sea. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 105, 8827–8846. 10.1029/1998JC000289 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. Mock T. Lizotte M. P. (2010). Primary Producers and Sea Ice, in Sea Ice, 2 Edn., Chap. 8, eds Thomas D. N. Dieckmann G. (Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.), 283–326.

Arrigo K. R. Robin son D. H. Worthen D. L. Dunbar R. B. DiTullio G. R. VanWoert M. . (1999). Phytoplankton community structure and the drawdown of nutrients and CO 2 in the Southern Ocean. Science 283, 365–367. 10.1126/science.283.5400.365 9888847 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. Thomas D. N. (2004). Large scale importance of sea ice biology in the Southern Ocean. Antarct. Sci. 16, 471–486. 10.1017/S0954102004002263 [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. van Dijken G. Long M. (2008a). Coastal Southern Ocean: a strong anthropogenic CO 2 sink. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L21602. 10.1029/2008GL035624 [DOI]

Arrigo K. R. van Dijke n G. L. (2003). Phytoplankton dynamics within 37 Antarctic coastal polynya systems. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 108:3271. 10.1029/2002jc001739 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

356 references, page 1 of 24
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