publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Preprint . 2004

Reducing Poverty and Inequality in India: Has Liberalization Helped?

Jha, Raghbendra;
Open Access
  • Published: 18 Mar 2004
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract
This study examines the empirical relationship among inequality, poverty and economic growth in India. Using data on consumption from the 13th to the 55th Rounds of the National Sample Survey, the author computes, for both rural and urban sectors, the Gini coefficient and three popular measures of poverty. The observed changes in inequality and poverty are explained in terms of the behaviour of key macroeconomic aggregates. A sharp rise in rural and, particularly, urban inequality and only a marginal decline in poverty have characterized the post-reform period. The rise in inequality is explained in terms of an increase in the relative share of output going to c...
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