publication . Other literature type . Article . 2009

Enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services by ecological restoration: a meta-analysis.

José María Rey Benayas; Anita Diaz; James M. Bullock; Adrian C. Newton;
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  • Published: 30 Jul 2009
  • Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Abstract
Ecological restoration is widely used to reverse the environmental degradation caused by human activities. However, the effectiveness of restoration actions in increasing provision of both biodiversity and ecosystem services has not been evaluated systematically. A meta-analysis of 89 restoration assessments in a wide range of ecosystem types across the globe indicates that ecological restoration increased provision of biodiversity and ecosystem services by 44 and 25%, respectively. However, values of both remained lower in restored versus intact reference ecosystems. Increases in biodiversity and ecosystem service measures after restoration were positively corr...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: technology, industry, and agriculture
free text keywords: Multidisciplinary, Ecosystem, Ecosystem health, Environmental resource management, business.industry, business, Biodiversity, Geography, Ecosystem diversity, Ecological health, Forest restoration, Restoration ecology, Ecosystem services
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