publication . Article . 2007

Full-Vectorial Three-Dimensional Finite Element Optical Simulation of Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers

PÉter Nyakas;
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  • Published: 06 Sep 2007 Journal: Journal of Lightwave Technology, volume 25, pages 2,427-2,434 (issn: 0733-8724, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Abstract
The electromagnetic problem of modeling vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with their full 3D structure is analyzed. The vectorial Helmholtz equation is discretized on prism elements, and the resulting complex symmetric generalized eigen- problem is solved by an efficient numerical technique. The full-vectorial treatment enables one to determine the polarization characteristics of these lasers. The model is compared to 2D calculations and is demonstrated for advanced laser diodes incorporating surface reliefs and photonic crystal patterns.
Subjects
arXiv: Physics::Optics
free text keywords: Electronic engineering, Helmholtz equation, Optical polarization, Optics, business.industry, business, Semiconductor laser theory, Prism, Physics, Laser, law.invention, law, Finite element method, Photonic crystal, Polarization (waves)
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