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Orvium
Other literature type
Data sources: Orvium
image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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LUMC Scholarly Publications; NARCIS
Other literature type . Article . 2012
image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
NARCIS
Article . 2012
Data sources: NARCIS
https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
Article . 2012
License: arXiv Non-Exclusive Distribution
Data sources: Datacite
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Theoretical and technological building blocks for an innovation accelerator

Authors: van Harmelen; F.; Kampis; G.; Boerner; K.; van den Besselaar; P.; Schultes; E.; Goble; C.; Groth; +7 Authors

Theoretical and technological building blocks for an innovation accelerator

Abstract

Modern science is a main driver of technological innovation. The efficiency of the scientific system is of key importance to ensure the competitiveness of a nation or region. However, the scientific system that we use today was devised centuries ago and is inadequate for our current ICT-based society: the peer review system encourages conservatism, journal publications are monolithic and slow, data is often not available to other scientists, and the independent validation of results is limited. The resulting scientific process is hence slow and sloppy. Building on the Innovation Accelerator paper by Helbing and Balietti [1], this paper takes the initial global vision and reviews the theoretical and technological building blocks that can be used for implementing an innovation (in first place: science) accelerator platform driven by re-imagining the science system. The envisioned platform would rest on four pillars: (i) Redesign the incentive scheme to reduce behavior such as conservatism, herding and hyping; (ii) Advance scientific publications by breaking up the monolithic paper unit and introducing other building blocks such as data, tools, experiment workflows, resources; (iii) Use machine readable semantics for publications, debate structures, provenance etc. in order to include the computer as a partner in the scientific process, and (iv) Build an online platform for collaboration, including a network of trust and reputation among the different types of stakeholders in the scientific system: scientists, educators, funding agencies, policy makers, students and industrial innovators among others. Any such improvements to the scientific system must support the entire scientific process (unlike current tools that chop up the scientific process into disconnected pieces), must facilitate and encourage collaboration and interdisciplinarity (again unlike current tools), must facilitate the inclusion of intelligent computing in the scientific process, must facilitate not only the core scientific process, but also accommodate other stakeholders such science policy makers, industrial innovators, and the general public. We first describe the current state of the scientific system together with up to a dozen new key initiatives, including an analysis of the role of science as an innovation accelerator. Our brief survey will show that there exist many separate ideas and concepts and diverse stand-alone demonstrator systems for different components of the ecosystem with many parts are still unexplored, and overall integration lacking. By analyzing a matrix of stakeholders vs. functionalities, we identify the required innovations. We (non-exhaustively) discuss a few of them: Publications that are meaningful to machines, innovative reviewing processes, data publication, workflow archiving and reuse, alternative impact metrics, tools for the detection of trends, community formation and emergence, as well as modular publications, citation objects and debate graphs. To summarize, the core idea behind the Innovation Accelerator is to develop new incentive models, rules, and interaction mechanisms to stimulate true innovation, revolutionizing the way in which we create knowledge and disseminate information. © The Author(s) 2012.

Countries
Netherlands, Ireland, United Kingdom
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Knowledge management media_common.quotation_subject Conservatism Reuse media_common business.industry Art Incentive Workflow Information and Communications Technology Science policy business Citation Reputation

Keywords

FOS: Computer and information sciences, General Physics and Astronomy, Physics and Astronomy(all), SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals, Materials Science(all), Digital Libraries (cs.DL), General Materials Science, Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, /dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/industry_innovation_and_infrastructure, Innovation, /dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/partnerships, Computer Science - Digital Libraries, annotation, and Infrastructure, SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure, environment, SDG 9 - Industry

  • BIP!
    Impact byBIP!
    citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    15
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    15
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    Powered byBIP!BIP!
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Found an issue? Give us feedback
citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
15
Average
Top 10%
Top 10%
Funded by
EC| OPEN PHACTS
Project
OPEN PHACTS
The Open Pharmacological Concepts Triple Store
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 115191
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | SP1-JTI
Validated by funder
,
EC| FUTURICT
Project
FUTURICT
The FuturICT Knowledge Accelerator: Creating Socially Interactive Information Technologies for a Sustainable Future
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 284709
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | ICT
iis
Related to Research communities
Science and Innovation Policy Studies
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