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Applicability of excavated rock material: A European technical review implying opportunities for future tunnelling projects

Authors: Haas, Maximilian; Mongeard, Laetitia; Ulrici, Luisa; D'Aloia, Laetitia; Cherrey, Agnès; Galler, Robert; Benedikt, Michael;

Applicability of excavated rock material: A European technical review implying opportunities for future tunnelling projects

Abstract

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) is a world-wide leading organisation in the field of particle physics and operation of high-class particle accelerators. Since 2013, CERN has undertaken feasibility investigations for a particle accelerator, named Future Circular Collider (FCC) to be installed within a 90–100 km subsurface infrastructure likely to enter construction phase after 2030. An important aspect of its construction and environmental impact assessment is the management of approximately 9.1 million m3 of excavated rock and soil. The aim of this paper is to thoroughly review the applications of excavated material across European subsurface construction projects from a technical point of view and set them into context with studies currently ongoing for FCC. We propose a conceptual flow model for rock characterisation with respect to both applicability of excavated material and tunnelling excavation techniques for future international subsurface construction projects. The review has revealed a vast and encouraging potential across different European construction sites efficiently using excavated rock and soil over the past decade ranging from concrete production, geopolymer production, embankment and landfilling. Examples of reviewed subsurface tunnelling projects are likely to be applied for FCC including concrete production, clay-sealing for embankments, geopolymer face stabilization, recultivation or agricultural usage as mixed soil material or sustainable waste disposal.

Country
France
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Engineering Context (language use) Civil engineering Future Circular Collider Environmental impact assessment Data flow model Quantum tunnelling geography geography.geographical_feature_category business.industry Excavation Levee business Waste disposal

Keywords

Strategy and Management, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, [SPI]Engineering Sciences [physics], Future circular collider (FCC), excavated tunnel material, subsurface, tunnelling, General Environmental Science, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Building and Construction

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    visibility views 34
    download downloads 182
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    11
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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  • 34
    views
    182
    downloads
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visibility
download
citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
views
OpenAIRE UsageCountsViews provided by UsageCounts
downloads
OpenAIRE UsageCountsDownloads provided by UsageCounts
11
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
34
182
Funded by
EC| FCCIS
Project
FCCIS
Future Circular Collider Innovation Study
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 951754
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Validated by funder
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