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Emotional Eating, Health Behaviours, and Obesity in Children: A 12-Country Cross-Sectional Study

Authors: Elli Jalo; Hanna Konttinen; Henna Vepsäläinen; Jean-Philippe Chaput; Gang Hu; Carol Maher; José Maia; +5 Authors

Emotional Eating, Health Behaviours, and Obesity in Children: A 12-Country Cross-Sectional Study

Abstract

11-year-old children from 12 countries and five continents. EE, food consumption, and TV-viewing were measured using self-administered questionnaires, and physical activity and nocturnal sleep duration were measured with accelerometers. BMI was calculated using measured weights and heights. EE factor scores were computed using confirmatory factor analysis, and dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis. The associations of EE with health behaviours and BMI z-scores were analyzed using multilevel models including age, gender, and household income as covariates. EE was positively and consistently (across 12 study sites) associated with an unhealthy dietary pattern (&beta

0.0001), suggesting that the association is not restricted to Western countries. Positive associations between EE and physical activity and TV viewing were not consistent across sites. Results tended to be similar in boys and girls. EE was unrelated to BMI in this sample, but prospective studies are needed to determine whether higher EE in children predicts the development of undesirable dietary patterns and obesity over time.

Eating in response to negative emotions (emotional eating, EE) may predispose an individual to obesity. Yet, it is not well known how EE in children is associated with body mass index (BMI) and health behaviours (i.e., diet, physical activity, sleep, and TV-viewing). In the present study, we examined these associations in a cross-sectional sample of 5426 (54% girls) 9&ndash

= 0.29, SE = 0.02, p <

Countries
Finland, United Kingdom, Australia
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Cross-sectional study Overweight Medicine Multilevel model Emotional eating Confirmatory factor analysis medicine.symptom Childhood obesity business.industry medicine.disease Obesity business Body mass index Demography

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Nutrition. Foods and food supply lcsh:TX341-641

Keywords

Male, Pediatric Obesity, Eating behaviour, Emotions, Health Behavior, Child Behavior, Body Mass Index, Eating, Surveys and Questionnaires, /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1106; name=Food Science, ADOLESCENTS, Pediatric Obesity/etiology, /dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being; name=SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being, Psychological eating style, Child, Negative emotions, FIT INDEXES, Nutrition and Dietetics, ASSOCIATION, eating behaviour; psychological eating style; negative emotions; Emotion-Induced Eating Scale; health behaviour; BMI, DIETARY PATTERNS, Female, CHILDHOOD OBESITY, 3143 Nutrition, Emotion-Induced Eating Scale, Diet/psychology, Feeding Behavior/psychology, negative emotions, /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2900/2916; name=Nutrition and Dietetics, Article, STYLE, Child Behavior/psychology, BMI, Emotion-induced eating scale, psychological eating style, health behaviour, Humans, Exercise, eating behaviour, OVERWEIGHT, Eating/psychology, Feeding Behavior, FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRES, Diet, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, Cross-Sectional Studies, Health behaviour, WEIGHT, Sedentary Behavior, Food Science

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
36
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
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