• shareshare
  • link
  • cite
  • add
auto_awesome_motion View all 3 versions
Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2016


Danilo Nikolic; Nada Marstijepovic; Sead Cvrk; Radmila Gagić; Ivan Filipović;
Open Access   English  
Published: 01 Dec 2016 Journal: Brodogradnja, volume 67, issue 4, pages 81-90 (issn: 1845-5859, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture
Country: Croatia
Shipping represents a significant source of diesel emissions, which affects global climate, air quality and human health. As a solution to this problem, biodiesel could be used as marine fuel, which could help in reducing the negative impact of shipping on environment and achieve lower carbon intensity in the sector. In Southern Europe, some oily wastes, such as wastes from olive oil production and used frying oils could be utilized for production of the second-generation biodiesel. The present research investigates the influence of the second-generation biodiesel on the characteristics of gaseous emissions of NOx, SO2, and CO from marine diesel engines. The marine diesel engine that was used, installed aboard a ship, was a reversible low-speed two-stroke engine, without any after-treatment devices installed or engine control technology for reducing pollutant emission. Tests were carried out on three regimes of engine speeds, 150 rpm, 180 rpm and 210 rpm under heavy propeller condition, while the ship was berthed in the harbor. The engine was fueled by diesel fuel and blends containing 7% and 20% v/v of three types of second-generation biodiesel made of olive husk oil, waste frying sunflower oil, and waste frying palm oil. A base-catalyzed transesterification was implemented for biodiesel production. According to the results, there are trends of NOx, SO2, and CO emission reduction when using blended fuels. Biodiesel made of olive husk oil showed better gaseous emission performances than biodiesel made from waste frying oils.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering lcsh:VM1-989

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Environmental science Diesel fuel Pollutant emissions Biodiesel Two-stroke engine law.invention law Diesel engine Waste management


Olive husk oil, Waste frying oils, Biodiesel, Two-stroke marine diesel engine, Gaseous emission, Olive husk oil; Waste frying oils; Biodiesel; Two-stroke marine diesel engine; Gaseous emission, Mechanical Engineering, Ocean Engineering

Related Organizations
18 references, page 1 of 2

[12] [13] [14] IMO International Maritime Organization, 2012. International Shipping Facts and Figures - Information Resources on Trade, Safety, Security, Environment.

IMO, 2014. Third IMO GHG Study 2014 - Final Report, MEPC 67/INF.3.

IMO, 2015. Note by the International Maritime Organization to the forty-third session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 43) Paris, France, 1 to 4 December 2015. Agenda item 10(c) Emissions from fuel used for international aviation and maritime transport. Update on imo's work to address emissions from fuel used for international shipping.

Anouk Florentinus et al., 2011. Potential of biofuels for shipping - Final Report, Ecofys 2011 by order of: European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) IMO, 2007. Feasibility study into the use of biofuels in the Norwegian domestic fleet, Marine Environment Protection Committee, 57th session, Agenda item 4.

Tadeusz Borkowski, Lech Kasyk, Przemyslaw Kowalak, 2011. Assessment Of Ship's Engine Effective Power Fuel Consumption And Emission Using The Vessel Speed, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 18, No. 2.

John B. Heywood, 1988. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw Hill, ISBN 0-07-100499- 8.

S. Kalligeros, F. Zannikos, S. Stournas, E. Lois, G. Anastopoulos, Ch. Teas, F. Sakellaropoulos, 2003. An investigation of using biodiesel/marine diesel blends on the performance of a stationary diesel engine, Biomass and Bioenergy 24, 141-149. [OpenAIRE]

Monyem A, Gerpen JH, 2001. The effect of biodiesel oxidation on engine performance and emissions. [OpenAIRE]

Biomass and Bioenergy 20, 317-325.

Lee R, Pedley J, Hobbs Ch., 1998. Fuel quality impact on heavy duty diesel emissions - a literature review. SAE Paper No. 982649, SAE, Warrendale, PA.