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Microbial Communities in the East and West Fram Strait During Sea Ice Melting Season

Authors: Eduard Fadeev; Eduard Fadeev; Ian Salter; Ian Salter; Vibe Schourup-Kristensen; Eva-Maria Nöthig; Katja Metfies; +7 Authors

Microbial Communities in the East and West Fram Strait During Sea Ice Melting Season

Abstract

Climate models project that the Arctic Ocean may experience ice-free summers by the second half of this century. This may have severe repercussions on phytoplankton bloom dynamics and the associated cycling of carbon in surface waters. We currently lack baseline knowledge of the seasonal dynamics of Arctic microbial communities, which is needed in order to better estimate the effects of such changes on ecosystem functioning. Here we present a comparative study of polar summer microbial communities in the ice-free (eastern) and ice-covered (western) hydrographic regimes at the LTER HAUSGARTEN in Fram Strait, the main gateway between the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. Based on measured and modeled biogeochemical parameters, we tentatively identified two different ecosystem states (i.e., different phytoplankton bloom stages) in the distinct regions. Using Illumina tag-sequencing, we determined the community composition of both free-living and particle-associated bacteria as well as microbial eukaryotes in the photic layer. Despite substantial horizontal mixing by eddies in Fram Strait, pelagic microbial communities showed distinct differences between the two regimes, with a proposed early spring (pre-bloom) community in the ice-covered western regime (with higher representation of SAR11, SAR202, SAR406 and eukaryotic MALVs) and a community indicative of late summer conditions (post-bloom) in the ice-free eastern regime (with higher representation of Flavobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria and eukaryotic heterotrophs). Co-occurrence networks revealed specific taxon-taxon associations between bacterial and eukaryotic taxa in the two regions. Our results suggest that the predicted changes in sea ice cover and phytoplankton bloom dynamics will have a strong impact on bacterial community dynamics and potentially on biogeochemical cycles in this region.

Country
Germany
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Biogeochemical cycle Algal bloom Sea ice Photic zone Ecosystem geography geography.geographical_feature_category Pelagic zone Oceanography Arctic Environmental science Hydrography

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:QH1-199.5 lcsh:General. Including nature conservation, geographical distribution lcsh:Science lcsh:Q

Keywords

Ocean Engineering, Aquatic Science, microbial interactions, Oceanography, Arctic Ocean, network analysis, Water Science and Technology, Global and Planetary Change, bacterioplankton, phytoplankton bloom

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    impulse
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    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    42
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
42
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
Funded by
EC| ABYSS
Project
ABYSS
ABYSS - Assessment of bacterial life and matter cycling in deep-sea surface sediments
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 294757
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
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