- Tel Aviv University Israel
- University of British Columbia Canada
- University of California, San Diego United States

We consider the problem of distributed source simulation with no communication, in which Alice and Bob observe sequences $U^{n}$ and $V^{n}$ respectively, drawn from a joint distribution $p_{UV}^ {\otimes n}$ , and wish to locally generate sequences $X^{n}$ and $Y^{n}$ respectively with a joint distribution that is close (in KL divergence) to $p_{XY}^ {\otimes n}$ . We provide a single-letter condition under which such a simulation is asymptotically possible with a vanishing KL divergence. Our condition is nontrivial only in the case where the Gacs-Korner (GK) common information between $U$ and $V$ is nonzero, and we conjecture that only scalar Markov chains $X-U-V-Y$ can be simulated otherwise. Motivated by this conjecture, we further examine the case where both $p_{UV}$ and $p_{XY}$ are doubly symmetric binary sources with parameters $p,q\leq 1/2$ respectively. While it is trivial that in this case $p\leq q$ is both necessary and sufficient, we use Fourier analytic tools to show that when $p$ is close to $q$ then any successful simulation is close to being scalar in the total variation sense.

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