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image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Molecular Immunologyarrow_drop_down
image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
Molecular Immunology
Article . 1996
License: Elsevier TDM
Data sources: Crossref
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Regulation of BCR- and PKC/Ca2+-mediated activation of the Raf1/MEK/MAPK pathway by protein-tyrosine kinase and -tyrosine phosphatase activities

Authors: K, Kawauchi; A H, Lazarus; J S, Sanghera; G L, Man; S L, Pelech; T L, Delovitch;

Regulation of BCR- and PKC/Ca2+-mediated activation of the Raf1/MEK/MAPK pathway by protein-tyrosine kinase and -tyrosine phosphatase activities

Abstract

Ligation of the B cell Ag receptor (BCR) activates a protein-tyrosine kinase (PTK) and CD45 protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase)-dependent signaling cascade that results in the activation of Ras. This pathway of Ras activation can operate independently of protein kinase C (PKC) activity. Activation of Ras may lead to two distinct Ras-dependent pathways involving either a Raf1/MEK/MAPK module or a MEKK/SEK/SAPK module; however, it is unclear as to how Ras controls the independent activation of either of these pathways. We have used genistein and phenylarsine oxide (PAO) as inhibitors of PTK and PTPase, respectively, to investigate whether they regulate the BCR- and Ca2+/PKC-dependent activation of the Ras/Raf1/MEK/MAPK module. Assays of phosphotransferase activities conducted with Ag (TNP6-OVA)-specific 7.9 murine B lymphoma cells demonstrated that BCR-mediated stimulation of the Raf1/MEK/MAPK module is controlled by PTK and PTPase activities. An elevation in [Ca2+]i was required to optimally activate Raf1 and MEK through the BCR. However, when signaling through the BCR was bypassed by direct stimulation of the Raf1/MEK/MAPK module via a rise in [Ca2+]i and phorbol ester-induced PKC activation, the phosphotransferase activities of Raf1, MEK and MAPK were still regulated in a PTK-dependent manner that was also partially sensitive to the PTPase inhibitor PAO. Thus, at least two alternate routes, i.e. a BCR/PTK/Ras-dependent route and another PKC/Ca(2+)-dependent route, may converge at the level of Raf1 for activation of the Raf1/MEK/MAPK module in B cells.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: MAPK/ERK pathway Protein tyrosine phosphatase Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase Protein kinase C MAP kinase kinase kinase Kinase Chemistry breakpoint cluster region Cell biology Tyrosine kinase

Keywords

Immunology, MAP Kinase Kinase 1, Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell, Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases, Ligands, Cell Line, Mice, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Animals, Molecular Biology, Protein Kinase C, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases, Ionomycin, Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic, Enzyme Activation, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf, Immunoglobulin M, Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate, Calcium, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases

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    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
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    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    27
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    Powered byBIP!BIP!
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
27
Average
Average
Top 10%
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