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Publication . Article . 2022

Antecedents of COVID ‐19 rumination:A three‐wave study

A three-wave study
Marjolein C. J. Caniëls; Irina Nikolova; Isabella Hatak; Petra C. de Weerd‐Nederhof;
Open Access

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected nearly every aspect of our lives and has caused a considerable rise in psychological complaints such as anxieties and depression. The majority of studies so far has focused on outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic. To augment current knowledge, we focus on the antecedents of COVID-19 rumination. Specially, we examine how negative and positive work events prior to the outbreak influence individuals' coping capacity with regard to COVID-19 (i.e., the extent to which individuals have recurrent negative thoughts about COVID-19). Drawing on Conservation of Resources Theory (COR), we maintain that positive and negative work events prior to the pandemic can affect one's self-efficacy experiences and in turn can impact recurrent negative thoughts about COVID-19. Alongside exploring the proposed theoretical mediation model, we test one of the key assumptions of the COR theory: the notion of primacy of negative over positive affect that results from negative (vs. positive) work events. Three-waved data was collected among Dutch employees (T1 = 302; T2 = 199; T3 = 171); two prior to the pandemic and one at the onset of the outbreak. Results showed that positive work events increased self-efficacy, which in turn reduced COVID-19 rumination. Contrary to the expectation of primacy of the effects of negative work events, we found no significant impact of negative work events on individuals' COVID-19 rumination.


ANXIETY, COVID-19, DEPRESSION, MODEL, POSITIVE EVENTS, RESOURCES, RESPONSES, SELF-FOCUS, SLEEP, SOCIAL SUPPORT, WORK STRESS, positive and negative events, rumination, self-efficacy, work events, COVID-19, positive and negative events, rumination, self-efficacy, work events, RESOURCES, DEPRESSION, SLEEP, ANXIETY, MODEL, SELF-FOCUS, RESPONSES, POSITIVE EVENTS, WORK STRESS, SOCIAL SUPPORT, Adaptation, Psychological, Humans, Pandemics, General Psychology, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Developmental and Educational Psychology, General Medicine

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