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3‘Sulfogalactolipid Binding Specifically Inhibits Hsp70 ATPase Activity in Vitro

Authors: H, Whetstone; C, Lingwood;

3‘Sulfogalactolipid Binding Specifically Inhibits Hsp70 ATPase Activity in Vitro

Abstract

A method for the generation of soluble glycosphingolipid derivatives that retain the receptor activity of the parent (BBRC 257:391-394, Carb Res 335:91-100) was used to investigate the consequence of 3'sulfogalactolipid (SGL) specific binding within the N-terminal ATPase-containing domain of Hsc70. Sulfogalactosyl ceramide (SGC) was deacylated, and the resulting sulfogalactosylsphingosine coupled to an alpha-adamantane or a norbornane rigid hydrophobic frame. The resulting conjugate preferentially partitioned into water, as opposed to organic solvent. In the range of 100-300 microM, these conjugates inhibited the specific binding of bovine brain Hsc70 to immobilized SGLs. A similar dose-related inhibition of bovine brain Hsc70 ATPase activity was seen between 100 and 300 microM adamantylSGC (adaSGC). Adamantyl conjugates of glycolipids not bound by Hsp70s had no effect. Kinetic analysis indicated that adaSGC was a noncompetitive inhibitor of Hsc70 ATPase activity, a special case of mixed inhibition since the K(m) values were not statistically different, 0.89 +/- 0.024 microM to 0.93 +/- 0.038 microM, but the V(max) decreased from 0.20 +/- 0.012 pmol min(-1) microg(-1) to 0.15 +/- 0.016 pmol min(-1) microg(-1). A reproducible 5 min lag was observed prior to ATPase inhibition that could be eliminated by preincubation of adaSGC with Hsc70 or by adding the cochaperone Hdj-1. The dependence of ATPase inhibition on the rate of hydrolysis indicates that adaSGC binding occurs at a specific stage of the ATPase cycle. These studies identify a new mechanism for the regulation of Hsp70 ATPase activity.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Ceramide ATPase Mixed inhibition chemistry.chemical_compound Non-competitive inhibition Glycolipid Receptor biology Chemistry Glycosphingolipid In vitro Biochemistry biology.protein

Keywords

Alkanesulfonates, Acylation, Adamantane, Galactosylceramides, Biochemistry, Substrate Specificity, Animals, Humans, HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins, Enzyme Inhibitors, Adenosine Triphosphatases, Hydrolysis, Galactose, Norbornanes, Cattle, Glycolipids, Protein Binding

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    impulse
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    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    51
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
51
Average
Top 10%
Top 10%
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